The mobile app market is growing and bringing more revenue, but itís still quite a venture to start a mobile app business. Data from CB Insights shows that only about 30 percent of startups succeed. To ensure the success of your mobile app startup, weíve prepared some useful tips.
#1 Find a problem to solve
Mobile app startups often concentrate on an idea only, forgetting about crucial factors that lead to its success. But an idea alone might not be enough to hit the market. You should create an app specifically to provide value to your target audience, which you can only do by thoroughly planning the UI/UX and content. During the planning stage, ask yourself the following questions:
What problem does the mobile app startup solve?
If you take a look at the statistics of failed mobile app startups, youíll see that the majority of them had an idea but didnít solve a problem. As long as your startup has no aim and no solution to a userís pain points, itís not likely to succeed. To stay afloat, you need to offer a solution to a common (and long-lasting) problem.
Does anyone actually want this app?
Thereís no point in making an app if thereís no market for it. Even the most outstanding idea will fail if you donít know your target audience. With more than 5.5 billion apps available in the leading app stores, it seems impossible to create something unique. However, thereís still a chance to achieve success. Define your potential users and predict their needs, what they like, and what theyíre afraid of.
Your task is to highlight the use of your app whenever they ask themselves, What do I get out of it? Itís not that easy to make users download your app, let alone like it. To increase the user retention rate, let your users see the benefits of the app right from the start.
#2 Choose the platform
When you have a limited budget and need to check if your idea is going to be profitable, you tend to look for the cheapest way to create an app. However, the price is not the only parameter you should take into consideration. Usersí loyalty to an operating system plays one of the most important roles. While choosing a platform for your app, youíll inevitably face the Android vs iOS dilemma. Donít follow your heart; rather, follow the market metrics and potential profit.
Target your users
Looking at the market, itís obvious that there are more Android users worldwide (around 76 percent of all mobile phone users). This isnít surprising due to the wide variety of Android smartphone manufacturers. However, when creating a mobile app startup, you should consider the location of your target audience and the local preferences. In the graphic below, you can see the dominant operating systems in different regions. If your target audience is in a region where users are loyal to one operating system, your choice is clear.
If your business model includes paid features, keep in mind that iOS users are more willing to buy apps and make in-app purchases.
Another crucial factor is how hard it is to develop your app, which influences the cost and speed of development as well as the features you can implement.
Android and iOS each support more than one programming language, and you should think of the ability to switch languages if you change the team or technology stack. For instance, iOS apps are developed in Objective-C and Swift, while Android apps use Kotlin and Java. These Android languages work well together, so you can combine them without any halt in development. However, the same is not true with iOS. Carefully choosing between the languages will help you switch between them much faster in the future when you scale and upgrade your app.
Time and cost
The cost of iOS and Android app development UK and around the world is approximately the same. The only thing that differs at this point is the testing time. Because of the great number of Android smartphones with different specifications, it takes much longer to check the compatibility of an Android app with devices. Compare 18 iOS devices with relatively the same configurations with hundreds of Android smartphones with a multitude of configurations. Itís a big scope of work for the QA specialist, which leads to increased production costs.
#3 Raise funds
There are various ways to get financing and various funding platforms to choose from. Your task is to weigh the pros and cons to choose the best method of financing. Below, youíll find top sources of startup funding.
Angel or seed funding
The most preferred option for any startup is an angel investor whoís ready to provide enough capital in exchange for a high rate of return or equity. Angel investors are typically family and friends, prosperous business people, or groups of individuals united by one goal. Seed funding from an angel investor always comes at the start of a promising startup. To put it simply, an investor acquires part of the startup in exchange for money this startup will hopefully make later.
All in all, getting an angel investor is the safest way to get financing for your business in comparison to bank loans and unstable crowdfunding. You donít have to return the money in case of failure, so thereíll be no debt. Moreover, angel investors are often savvy in terms of conducting business; therefore, they can provide you some guidance.
Common problems with angel investors include lack of involvement (investors are too busy with side projects), the itch for gain (investors expect fast growth), slow funding, reduced founder control, and unclear roles of the founder and angel investor.
You can search for potential investors on AngelList, Funded.com, and Angel Investment Network.
Bootstrapping is starting a business without relying on external funding. If you already have some capital to start your small business, youíll enjoy sole ownership. Unlike with an angel investor, in this case youíre the one with the equity. Whatís more, nobody will interfere with your control over the direction of your mobile app startup. No external investor will change the focus of business development.
On the flip side, the CEO bears the personal risk of failing and losing everything invested. Additionally, bootstrapping usually means limited resources, which leads to slow growth.
There are big chances that you can succeed with such an approach, provided youíre focused on your strategy, stick to the budget, and scale carefully.
Taking a loan from a bank may be the first thing that springs to mind when you think about finding funds for your startup. One of the key points is that banks provide some of the lowest interest rates for loans.
However, itís a challenge to get a bank loan, as you need to provide business credit scores and reports, personal guarantees, collateral, etc. Banks need strong proof that youíre likely to repay them, which is never clear with mobile app startups.
If youíre ready to put in the time and effort to prove that your business is going to bring a healthy cash flow, this option is for you.
The most popular funding method among startup CEOs is crowdfunding. There are a number of trusted platforms where one can share their idea and get funding from a big pool of investors. The advantage of this fundraising strategy is that your idea reaches people worldwide. This increases the chances of getting the money you need in a short time. In addition to raising funds, crowdfunding allows you to validate your idea and see if itís going to be a success.
The most popular crowdfunding platforms are Kickstarter, Indiegogo, and GoFundMe.
#4 Prepare a perfect pitch deck
To attract potential investors, an engaging pitch deck is a must. Your pitch deck must give the essence of your startup, your development plan, and your promotional strategy.
You may have heard of the elevator pitch: itís your perfect middle ground to strive for. This tactic assumes a short, informative presentation that can describe your product in 30 seconds, which is the length of an average elevator ride. Try to grab attention with the first two sentences, use simple language, donít complicate your presentation with statistics, and stick to the point.
#5 Build an MVP to test your idea
Building a minimum viable product (MVP) is essential to the success of your startup. An MVP has proved to be the go-to solution for mobile app startups, as it contains only crucial features. Launching an MVP will help you figure out whether your target audience is really interested in your app, allow you to get feedback on possible improvements, and help you validate the concept before you start making a complete app with further iterations. Other benefits you get with an MVP include:
-> An affordable core product
-> User feedback
-> Quick market launch
-> Product ready for presentation to possible investors
A lot of top companies launched an MVP before the final app was born. Letís take a look at the story of Instagram, which became a success in a few months. First, there was an HTML5 prototype called Burbn. Even though the name doesnít reflect the app idea, Kevin Systrom, the creator, named the app Burbn because he likes whiskey and bourbon. The app featured photo sharing, check-ins, and planned posts. Photo sharing was the most popular component of the app.
After Systrom raised $500,000, Kevin put together a team and focused on developing the photo sharing aspect of the prototype. Having researched the market and their direct competitor, Hipstamatic, they decided to blend photo filters with social elements. So they pivoted to leave only photo editing, posting, liking, and commenting. In eight weeks, there was the Instagram beta.
Thanks to a well-timed pivot and beta testing, Instagram managed to find their unique offer, fix emerging bugs, and launch a unique product. On the launch day, Instagram became the top free photo editing app on the App Store. In ten weeks, there were one million Instagram users. In a year, Facebook bought the company of twelve employees for $1 billion. Even nine years later, we still have a minimalist app with one core feature.
The lesson to learn from this story is that you can launch a successful product in two months if you act fast and make it simple and easy to use.
Among other companies who started with MVPs you can find Uber, Dropbox, Airbnb, Facebook, Spotify, and Pinterest. Thanks to their MVPs, these companies fixed issues with their apps, got fresh ideas, and evolved into the perfect products we now enjoy.
After youíve made an MVP, you need to deliver it to your target audience as soon as possible. There are different channels for advertising and promoting your app. The promotion strategy you choose can have a big influence on your appís success. Some of the most popular ways to publicize your app are:
Social media marketing
Entrepreneurs use social networks to increase brand awareness and engagement, generate leads, get customer support, etc. There are a lot of social networking sites, so how can you find the perfect match and reach your goals? Weíve chosen the top five social networks:
Facebook is a must for any startup. However, B2C startups are likely to get more from this network. If your startup is a social network, photo or video editing, ecommerce, travel, beauty, or fashion app, pay extra attention to strengthening user engagement and connections. Whatever startup you have, effective interaction with users will add value to your product. For instance, RunKeeper, a fitness app, promotes its brand on Facebook by posting entertaining sports trivia and photos of runners in branded gear.
Instagram is a pure B2C platform that gives unlimited opportunities to startups in the travel, fashion, health, arts, food, ecommerce, beauty, and photography industries. Also, if your target audience is young women or Millennials, Instagram is a must. Moreover, it shares the same ad platform with Facebook. To make your Instagram account more comfortable to use, switch to the business profile, where youíll find analytics on engagement, likes, audience, etc.
Visit the Instagram page of Intercom, a customer messaging platform, to see how they interact with their followers on a daily basis. Intercom actively uses the Instagram questions feature, posting answers in Stories. According to MediaKix, Instagram stories and posts are the most efficient content promotion tools and will stay the focal point of many advertising strategies.
LinkedIn is an irreplaceable (and the most business-centered) platform for B2B startups. Companies in the finance, employment, legal, IT, science, and technology sectors are more than welcome to use LinkedIn. As itís business only, B2B promotion looks organic in this environment. A startup that resolves the pain points of businesspeople is sure to reach its target users and generate qualified leads on LinkedIn. According to HubSpot findings, LinkedIn generates the highest conversion rate at 2.74%, three times higher than Twitter and Facebook combined.
Amazon keeps its product news updated and engages followers in conversations by posting photos from science fairs and posting short bios of their outstanding workers. My first 100 days in Amazon posts are especially popular among followers.
This is a perfect network for visual content and can greatly contribute to your brand. Another advantage of YouTube is that it has access to the Google Ad platform. YouTube videos are a good way to promote B2B companies and startups that are visually driven. Itís a great choice for ecommerce, as users feel more confident after watching product videos.
YouTube has become a valuable platform for Canva, a free design tool. Canva posts workshops on how to use their product and shows off the amazing results their users achieve.
Communication and information businesses use Twitter to generate content and promote themselves. Itís more of a B2C platform, which is why so many customers refer to Twitter accounts if they have issues with a product. Twitter can be a fast and convenient addition to your customer service. Industries that can benefit from Twitter include retail, ecommerce, travel, and sports.
Chanty, an AI-powered team chat, grew their number of Twitter followers organically. Posting behind-the-scenes tweets, using hashtags, and prompting replies helped Chanty gather an active community around the product.
The best advertising is a recommendation based on personal experience from an opinion leader or trendsetter. Research by Twitter shows that nearly 40 percent of users have bought a product because of a recommendation from an influencer. The reason for that is the native type of advertisement influencers offer and the level of trust they already have.
If youíre looking for an influencer, contact:
-> Industry experts
-> Popular bloggers
All of these people have reputations and a lot of followers who can become your potential users. Moreover, thereís payment flexibility. Even micro-influencers with 2,000 to 10,000 followers can offer a loyal audience with high engagement.
To resonate with your target audience, choose the right social network. Which is right directly depends on your niche and target audience. We recommend working with influencers on the social platform you already use. Thus, itís a good idea for B2B startups, such as SaaS and consulting services, to collaborate with LinkedIn industry experts for relevant and valuable leads. Fashion, ecommerce, beauty, and lifestyle startups can attract thousands of users by working with Instagram and YouTube influencers. Messengers and information-driven startups will resonate among the followers of Twitter influencers.
For a successful influencer promotion, follow these tips:
-> Address niche influencers in your sphere
-> Create unique promotional materials
-> Prioritize platforms
-> Set clear goals and expectations, e.g. to increase engagement or expand reach
-> Add individual hashtags to monitor and measure the success of ad campaigns
-> Provide influencers with clear guidelines of how to promote your brand
App store optimization (ASO) is SEO for applications. ASO makes it easier for users to find your app. With the help of ASO, you can improve your app ranking on the Google Play Store and the App Store. ASO increases app exposure and user engagement. By investing in ASO, you ensure that your app wonít get lost at the bottom of lists.
Pay extra attention to the features below when listing your app startup:
-> App name, URL, and subtitle. All these attributes must reflect the idea of your app and include the main keywords that refer to your app.
-> Keywords. This is the crucial attribute in terms of optimizing your app in search results. Research keywords in user search queries and fill in this field thoroughly.
-> Ratings and reviews. Ratings and reviews are not only a deciding factor for the majority of users but a ranking signal for app stores. The number of reviews, recent votes, and positive ratings matters. Motivate your users to leave regular reviews, and donít forget to reply to them.
Over to you
Creating a mobile app startup is easy. Creating a successful mobile app startup is a challenge.
Youíve probably heard about the Lean Startup methodology, which describes how to release products in less time and with lower budgets. In this article, we explain how a web application development company can take advantage of the lean approach and its fundamental principles to build better software products and avoid wasting valuable resources.
Is the Lean Startup only for startups?
Even though the name of this methodology includes the word startup, it isnít used only by startups. This approach can be adopted whenever thereís extreme uncertainty (a concept suggested by Eric Ries) concerning the target audienceís needs. And a company doesnít necessarily have to be a small startup. When it comes to web application development, a large company can adopt Lean Startup principles to build new products too. As we can see, the Lean Startup works best for building high-risk products.
A central concept of the Lean Startup is the Build-Measure-Learn feedback loop. The point is to develop a product quickly and put it into usersí hands to receive feedback. This feedback is then analyzed to discover what features customers actually want and to let the company see if the product has demand. This approach helps companies make data-driven decisions. If thereís demand for a product, it can be improved further. Then the process is repeated to receive user feedback on the new features. If thereís no demand for a particular product, it can be redesigned according to the market need.
This approach helps entrepreneurs avoid situations when they spend years building a new product only to discover that nobody wants to use it. The Lean Startup methodology helps companies avoid adding unnecessary features and spending more resources than a product actually requires.
How does the Lean Startup approach work with software development?
There are some fundamental principles of the Lean Startup that can be used in software development. They include building a minimum viable product (MVP), A/B testing, and using validated learning. Letís see how these practices can help when developing software products.
Minimum viable product
An MVP is a prototype that includes only key features. As Eric Ries notes, an MVP is about getting validated learning with the least effort. So the main goal here is to release a basic model of a product in order to get and analyze user feedback. This will help you realize what changes you need to make to improve your product. With an MVP, you can start learning and adapt your product to usersí needs as early as possible.
However, building an MVP shouldnít be taken too lightly. An MVP should be good enough to let users see the potential of your product. Itís easier to find early adopters when you offer a high-quality and usable product.
Things to remember about an MVP:
-> It should include only the most necessary features.
-> It should provide enough value to demonstrate future benefit in order to retain early adopters.
-> It should help to gather user feedback.
-> Lots of todayís influential tech companies have managed to create popular products by developing MVPs first.
For example, the founders of Buffer ‒ a social media scheduler ‒ started their business by testing whether people needed their product. To find out what people thought of their idea, they launched a two-page website, keeping it as simple as possible. It was just a landing page explaining what the app would do. After discovering that people were interested, the Buffer founders needed to find out if people were ready to pay for their product. So they added a page with pricing. Then they analyzed the results and moved on to building the first version of the product.
The concept of A/B testing lies in offering several versions of a product to users at the same time. A/B testing can show if a change, even a slight one, has an impact on customer behavior. And if it does, you can measure how big of a difference it makes.
In terms of web application development , A/B testing can help to test different versions of pages to see which is more effective. The result can be analyzed by calculating the conversion rate or other metrics depending on your goal.
The aim of an A/B test is to check a hypothesis and measure which version of a product works best.
Upworthy, a viral content portal, turned to A/B testing to test layouts and designs for recommended content on their news and media website. They wanted to provide users with recommended content but were afraid it would decrease the number of social shares. Upworthy took a two-step approach to check that assumption. First, they tested out seven different layouts with their users. Once they found which one performed best, they moved on to the second phase, testing different designs. As a result, they found out that with a right sidebar and a minimalist design, Upworthy could increase social shares by 28 percent.
Building an MVP and performing A/B testing leads to whatís called validated learning. An essential part of the Lean Startup methodology, validated learning helps with making data-driven decisions.
The process of validating product-related ideas is iterative, where testing one idea is one iteration. Results are measured by metrics. Validated learning happens when ideas and features are improved and thereís a positive change in metrics. Website features and their impacts can be tested by tracking visitor behavior.
Spotify, for instance, created an MVP and iterated, taking into account user feedback they gathered to improve the product. This approach helped them realize what their customers wanted and avoid risks.
The Dropbox founders adopted the Lean Startup methodology at the very beginning. They first made a demo video explaining how their product would work. This video helped them generate interest at the early stage, engage users in the development, and learn how to improve the product. For Dropbox, the key to success was giving customers the exact product they wanted.
Pivot or persevere
When you test a concept, there are basically two outcomes. In the first case, you find out thereís a need for the product. So it makes sense to persevere with the same idea and keep on improving it. In the other case, you discover thereís no need for this particular product. That means you need to pivot to test another hypothesis, repeating the Build-Measure-Learn loop.
There are several options when it comes to pivoting. For instance, having analyzed feedback, you might need to consider building the entire product around a single feature. This is called a zoom-in pivot. Sending money by email became this feature for PayPal. When they discovered that their customers preferred using email for payments, they did a zoom-in pivot.
A zoom-out pivot is in the opposite direction, making an existing product one of the features of a new bigger product. There are other options you can opt for as well. It all depends on what you discover during the process of validated learning. For instance, you might need to consider changing the problem you address, targeting different customers, or changing the technology youíre using.
It can be a difficult decision to make. But sometimes itís necessary to look for a better way to reach your goal. In any case, your decision to pivot or persevere should be based on data, not an assumption.
Why use the Lean Startup in web development?
As you can see, the Lean Startup methodology can help entrepreneurs see if theyíre on the right path. Using the principles of this methodology enables you to determine if a particular feature is worth spending time and money on.
Implementing Lean Startup practices can help you:
-> Understand if thereís a need for your product
-> Get feedback in order to improve your product, meet your target customersí needs, and maintain loyalty
-> Avoid adding unnecessary features and wasting resources
To make your mobile application development project rewarding and successful, choosing the right mobile technology stack is vital. The technology stack not only gives your project life but also makes it maintainable, scalable, and committed to your functional requirements. An appropriate mobile stack may result in lower costs and less time for mobile: IOS / Android app development UK and around the world. We review the most popular mobile app development approaches and the advanced tech stacks you can use to implement them.
Native app development
Native app development means using platform-specific programming languages, software development kits, development environments, and other tools provided by operating system vendors. As a result, building native apps for several platforms requires you to employ separate mobile app development technologies for each. Popular apps like Lyft and Pokemon GO take the native approach.
Technology stack for iOS apps in 2020
If you want to create a native application for iOS, you should consider the following mobile app technology stack:
Programming languages: Objective-C, Swift
For building an iOS app you can choose either Objective-C or Swift. Objective-C is a superset of the C programming language and provides object-oriented capabilities and a dynamic runtime environment.
However, we recommend using Swift since itís more functional, provides code thatís less error-prone because of its inline support for manipulating text strings and data, and contains dynamic libraries that are directly uploaded to memory, cutting down on the initial size of the app and ultimately increasing app performance. Our iOS developers use Swift, and have recently created their own watermark library for video and image overlays, called MediaWatermark. This library can be integrated and installed quickly and efficiently, letting you put watermarks on videos and images.
Toolkit: Apple Xcode
If you choose Swift for your iOS app, then youíll need Apple Xcode as the toolkit for developing your native app. This full-featured development environment lets you create mobile apps as well as desktop applications. Xcode comes with integrated support for Git repositories, a graphical editor to build user interfaces, instrumentation and debugging tools, and integrated documentation.
SDK: iOS SDK
The iOS SDK includes an application programming interface (API) that serves as a link between software applications and the platform they run on. APIs can be built in many ways and include helpful programming libraries and other tools. The iPhone SDK provides tools for Appleís touchscreen interface and for its proprietary iOS operating system, which is used to run Appleís iPhones as well as Appleís other mobile devices such as the iPad.
Android technology stack in 2020
If you decide to build a native application for Android, pay attention to the following mobile development technologies:
Programming languages: Java, Kotlin
For developing a native Android mobile app you can use Java or Kotlin. Java is a reputable programming language with vast open-source tools and libraries to help developers. However, Kotlin has become a more stable and congruous development option for Android Studio. There are definite limitations within Java that impede Android API design. Kotlin is inherently lightweight, clean, and far less verbose. In other words, Kotlin was specifically designed to improve existing Java models by offering solutions to API design deficiencies. Thatís why our Android team prefered Kotlin for our mobile app Scrummer. As a result, we got a fully operational mobile app with smooth transitions between screens and animated micro-interactions.
Toolkit: Android Studio & Android Developer Tools
Android Studio provides code editing, debugging, performance tooling, a flexible build system, and an instant build/deploy system. It allows you to focus on building unique and high-quality apps.
With the help of Android Developer Tools (ADT), you gain full support for Android app development. Besides offering Android-specific coding support, ADT lets developers use various on-device debugging tools, a graphical UI builder, emulators, and fully scriptable test automation support.
SDK: Android SDK
To write programs with the latest features, developers must download and install each version SDK for a particular phone. The components of the Android SDK can be downloaded separately. Third-party add-ons are also available for download.
Both Apple and Google provide app developers with their own development tools, interface elements, and SDKs. Before choosing native app development, letís look at the pros and cons of this approach.
Cross-platform app development
This approach means developing mobile apps that can be used on multiple mobile platforms. A cross-platform approach allows developers to use a single code base, so mobile apps are developed for different platforms simultaneously and are adapted to the majority of devices.
Technology stack for cross-platform apps
There are different frameworks for cross-platform app development. Letís consider some of them:
You can also use the TypeScript language to build your cross-platform application. Typescript provides some nice features for quick and easy error detection when writing React components. Generic components are useful in the TypeScript toolbox. They can provide an extra level of safety when writing components, tightening the feedback loop and helping you find errors quickly.
Xamarin is a tool for cross-platform mobile app development that allows engineers to share about 90 percent of code across major platforms. Xamarin uses C# as the main language for cross-platform development. C# is a statically typed language with mature tooling and IDE support. Apps written in C# are cross-compiled to native Android and iOS binaries. Itís even possible to use device-specific APIs and functionality from within C# code. For example, apps like Slack and Pinterest are built with Xamarin.
Now letís look at the pros and cons of cross-platform app development.
Hybrid app development
Technology stack for hybrid apps
Letís consider the existing frameworks for hybrid app development and find out how they work.
Ionic is an AngularJS-based framework, which is why it shares a whole set of advantages and a supporting community with the famous framework. The critical ability to make hybrid apps have a native look is also well implemented. For instance, Ionic reuses DOM elements to handle one of the reasons for poor mobile performance.
If youíre thinking of using a hybrid approach, first consider its pros and cons.
Factors to consider when choosing a technology stack
You have a rich choice of technology stacks for mobile applications, but which one is right for you to use in your app development project? Itís important to have a solid plan in mind when choosing a mobile app stack if you want to have not only professional, functional software but something more like maintainability, scalability, and security.
There are a lot of things to consider when trying to choose the right mobile application technology. These are the main considerations.
Type of project
This is the vital determinant when choosing a mobile development technology stack for your mobile application. For example, if youíre planning to create a complex mobile app with great performance and a completely custom, platform-specific UI implementation, then you should go native. In such cases, Kotlin or Swift are the commonly used programming languages.
Validating an idea
If youíre a startup and just want to validate your product idea, engage your potential users, and stay one step ahead of your competitors, choose a cross-platform approach. React Native will be a good choice, for example, since itís cost-effective and allows you to reuse code on various platforms, which means wide platform coverage and fast app delivery.
Time to market
The speed at which companies can introduce products to the market is critical for sustaining a competitive advantage. If you want to speed up product development, consider a language or framework with an abundance of ready-made solutions for common development tasks,such as authentication and social media integrations.
Mobile app development will continue to grow as more and more enterprises adopt mobile technologies. If you want to create a highly functional mobile app, choosing the right mobile app technology is the key ingredient.
Simply put, Web Applications are dynamic web sites combined with server side programming which provide functionalities such as interacting with users, connecting to back-end databases, and generating results to browsers.
Examples of Web Applications are Online Banking, Social Networking, Online Reservations, eCommerce / Shopping Cart Applications, Interactive Games, Online Training, Online Polls, Blogs, Online Forums, Content Management Systems, etc..
There are two main categories of coding, scripting and programming for creating Web Applications:
I. Client Side Scripting / Coding - Client Side Scripting is the type of code that is executed or interpreted by browsers.
Client Side Scripting is generally viewable by any visitor to a site (from the view menu click on "View Source" to view the source code).
Below are some common Client Side Scripting technologies:
HTML (HyperText Markup Language)
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
II. Server Side Scripting / Coding - Server Side Scripting is the type of code that is executed or interpreted by the web server.
Server Side Scripting is not viewable or accessible by any visitor or general public.
Below are the common Server Side Scripting technologies:
PHP (very common Server Side Scripting language - Linux / Unix based Open Source - free redistribution, usually combines with MySQL database)
Zend Framework (PHP's Object Oriented Web Application Framework)
ASP (Microsoft Web Server (IIS) Scripting language)
ASP.NET (Microsoft's Web Application Framework - successor of ASP)
ColdFusion (Adobe's Web Application Framework)
Ruby on Rails (Ruby programming's Web Application Framework - free redistribution)
Perl (general purpose high-level programming language and Server Side Scripting Language - free redistribution - lost its popularity to PHP)
Python (general purpose high-level programming language and Server Side Scripting language - free redistribution)
Program libraries are a collection of commonly used functions, classes or subroutines which provide ease of development and maintanance by allowing developers to easily add or edit functionalities to a frameworked or modular type application.
Web Application Frameworks
Web Application Frameworks are sets of program libraries, components and tools organized in an architecture system allowing developers to build and maintain complex web application projects using a fast and efficient approach.
Web Application Frameworks are designed to streamline programming and promote code reuse by setting forth folder organization and structure, documentation, guidelines and libraries (reusable codes for common functions and classes).
Web Application Frameworks - Benefits and Advantages
Program actions and logic are separated from the HTML, CSS and design files. This helps designers (without any programming experience) to be able to edit the interface and make design changes without help from a programmer.
Builds are based on the module, libraries and tools, allowing programmers to easily share libraries and implement complex functionalities and features in a fast and efficient manner.
The structure helps produce best practice coding with consistent logic and coding standards, and provides other developers the ability to become familiar with the code in a short time.
Coding Guidelines, Standards & Convention
Coding guidelines are sets of rules and standards used in programming a web application project.
These rules and standards apply to coding logic, folder structure and names, file names, file organization, formatting and indentation, statements, classes and functions, and naming conventions. These rules also enforce writing clear comments and provide documentation.
Important benefits of using Coding Guidelines
Creates the best environment for multiple programmers to work on the same project
Provides ease of maintainability and version management
Delivers better readability and understanding of the source code
Insures that other developers can understand and become familiar with the code in a short time
Web Applications Lifecycle Model
Web Application Lifecycle is the process of developing a web application and involvement of the multiple teams that are engaged in the development process. Each organization may set forth its own unique style of operating.
Some companies follow a certain standard model such as SDLC (System Development Life Cycle) or Agile Software Development Model.
SDLC is the traditional process of developing software or web applications by including research to identify and define the application requirements, information analysis, architectural design and specifications blueprint, team involvement, programming, testing and bug fixing, system testing, implementation and maintenance.
Agile Software / Web Application Development is the iterative development process and development process practices that focus on collaboration of people involved and provide a better procedure to allow revisions and evolution of web application requirements. Agile methodology includes research, analysis, project management, design, programming, implementation, frequent testing, adaptation and maintenance.
The following list of procedures and suggested documents provide a good outline for a Web Application Lifecycle and Process:
Roadmap Document: Defining Web Application, Purpose, Goals and Direction
Researching and Defining Audience Scope and Security Documents
Creating Functional Specifications or Feature Summary Document
Team Collaboration and Project Management Document
Technology Selection, Technical Specifications, Illustrative Diagram of Web Application Architecture and Structure, Development Methodology, Versions Control, Backups, Upgrades, Expansion and Growth Planning Document, Server Hardware / Software Selection
Third Party Vendors Analysis and Selection (Merchant Account and Payment Gateway, SSL Certificate, Managed Server / Colocated Server Provider, Fulfillment Centers, Website Visitor Analytics Software, Third Party Checkout Systems, etc.)
Testing is an important part of the Web Application Development process. On occasion, testing would consume more manpower and time than development itself.
Below are some of the most common testing needed for any web application development process:
Quality Assurance and Bug Testing
Multiple Browser Compatibility
Performance - Load and Stress Testing
Trends and Popularity
The demands for companies to build Web Applications are growing substantially.
If planned and built correctly, web applications can:
Reach and service millions of consumers and businesses
Generate substantial, multi-layer / multi-category income from consumers, businesses and advertisers
Easily build business goodwill and assets based on audience reach, popularity, technology and potential growth
Below are good reasons for companies to build web applications:
Companies want to streamline their internal departments and functions, operations, sales and project management, etc.
Companies want to take advantage of a web based application's flexibility and versatility, by moving away from the traditional desktop application platform to the web application platform
Companies want to gain more clients or better service their current clients by offering convenient services and solutions online
Companies want to build new web applications to offer innovative services or solutions to online users and businesses
Today's web applications have substantial business impact on the way companies and consumers do business such as:
There are opportunities to gain the upper hand and bypass the traditional brick and mortar companies when this type of opportunity was rarely possible or existed before the explosion of the web
The new web created a global business environment which challenges the way in which traditional companies do business
Companies need to reinvent and evolve in order to compete in today's trends, online business and global marketplace
Businesses and consumers have more options and resources to research and easily compare and shop around for the best deals
Information and resources are immense and available to everyone who seeks it
Businesses or companies who used to profit from consulting or advice, that can now be easily acquired online are struggling, and will need to take a new business direction if they want to stay solvent.
From Pizza Hut to TaskRabbit, we live in the age of on-demand apps. For those who have little or no idea about the on-demand apps, they are like mediators between customers and service providers. These apps provide an easy, convenient, and quick way to get specific services. As such apps can save a lot of time and efforts, users like on-demand apps greatly. A Harvard Business Review study has revealed that the number of on-demand consumers is on the rise, and they include all age groups led by millennials. Whatís more, almost 39 percent consumers who prefer on-demand apps reside in towns or rural zones.
Today, the on-demand economy is surging globally while covering the service sector ranging from hospitality to transportation, and grocery to online marketplaces. It is fair to mention that the custom on-demand app development domain is all set to offer ample of benefits to the enterprises while assisting them to serve their customers in a better way.
Sectors that can take benefits of on-demand services app
Here we mention a few notable industry sectors that can leverage the benefits of on-demand applications: 1. Hospitality Be it ordering the food or booking the table, a restaurant can provide their customers all the facilities online. If you own a restaurant, you can make ordering and delivery process simple with a custom restaurant app. When your customers order an item, you can deliver it really quick with such app. 2. Health and Fitness This is a vast sector that includes all the aspects related to living a healthy life. People prefer a fitness trainer app or a medical help app these days, and if you are in a healthcare business or own a gym, you can expand your business manifold by having a customized app. 3. Transportation Cab-hailing apps are much in demand as people seek convenient mean of transportation. You can manage your fleet effectively with an app if you are in logistics business. Apart from transportation and logistics, the courier companies can also get an edge over their competitors with a feature-rich mobile application. 4. Online Marketplaces As our shopping pattern is influenced by mobile devices, online marketplaces can get the most of an on-demand app. You can boost your online retail business with a dedicated app while providing a pleasant shopping experience to your customers. Thatís not all. Other sectors like utility, music, etc. can also provide various services by using such apps. How to Make On-demand App Successful You may wonder how you can make your on-demand app successful. Here we give you three tips that can help you increase the reach of your app and you can get a higher RoI: Flexibility On-demand apps need to be flexible to address the changing user requirements. Also, you should offer a 24/7 assistance. Your app should also scalable so that you can add additional features and functionality in the future to keep your app updated. Technology Integration When you contact a reputed mobile/ android app development company UK or around the world, you will get insight into the market trends and technological advancements in the mobile app domain. It is necessary for your app to provide a pleasant user experience with the simple yet intuitive interface and seamless performance. You can do so by integrating the latest technology. Pricing Strategy It is a bit difficult to determine the monetary value of your on-demand app. When you provide online services with the utmost convenience and doorstep delivery, you can take some charge or fees. But then, you should consider your competitorsí strategy regarding pricing because people hate expensive apps and services. You should also keep your targeted audience in mind while deciding charge. The right pricing can ensure the success of your app. How much it costs to develop on-demand apps Just like other customized mobile apps for business, the cost of on-demand applications primarily depends on features and hourly rate. There is a huge difference in the hourly rates for on-demand app development across different geographic regions. For example, North American countries (Canada and the US) have the highest hourly rates up to $150/hour whereas India and a few Asian countries have the lowest development rates at $25 or more for on-demand applications. Typically, the on-demand mobile apps include the following features: Ė Booking or Reservation Ė List of Order or Requests Ė Navigation Ė Payment Gateway Ė Order or Delivery Confirmation Ė Push Notifications Ė Price of Fare Calculation Considering market research, feature integration, duration, and hourly rates, the price of an on-demand app starts from $5000 and goes up to $50000. Wrapping Up An on-demand service app can help your business thrive amid intensifying competition. You can attract more people toward your business and establish your brand with ease. Even a startup can stand ahead of the curve through offering an on-demand application. What is your take on an on-demand mobile app? Do you want to grab the opportunities it offer?
So, youíve just signed a contract with a software development company UK or anywhere around the world. Youíve tapped into the secret weapon of the modern tech industry. Top-tier talent at bargain prices.
Time to kick back and wait for your new app to show up on your doorstep, right?
Sadly, no. Hopefully this doesnít come as a surprise, but you still need to work with your team and guide the development process to success.
Learning how to manage offshore developers carries some unique challenges and differences from a local office, but itís just as important.
Just like local employees, remote workers are usually only as effective as your leadership.
In this article, weíll go through some tips and best practices for managing offshore resources, to make sure your investment pays off.
- How to communicate with a team in another country, and keep them as engaged and in the loop as your local employees.
- Why you should take a trip to the remote office once a year, and what you should do while youíre there.
- The real secret to project management for offshore teams, smoothing out speed bumps before they impact workflow.
How to Communicate with Offshore Teams
Good communication starts during the partner selection process, before youíve even signed a contract. Weíve written previously on how to choose an offshore development team, and a big part of it is ensuring a common language and time zone.
The managerís duty doesnít end there, though.
You still need to make sure your office and the remote team are communicating well, and that goes for the entire development process.
Here are a few things you can do to make that happen.
Software for Remote Collaboration
Offshoring and outsourcing become more common every year, and there are dozens of software solutions to make it easy and effective to keep remote workers in the loop.
Since a large percentage of your workforce might be located in a different country, itís vital to find a way to make meetings and conferences work despite vast geographical differences.
Look for a software package with a full range of collaboration features. File sharing, secure live and asynchronous messaging, collaborative editing, and voice and video chat are all essential to keeping a remote team well-integrated.
One of our favorites is Googleís G Suite. Others swear by Slack, or Microsoft SharePoint.
The best part? Most of these software suites wonít cost you much at all!
The field of project management has taken off in the past few years, and today there are several models, or methodologies, that can be used to structure teams for maximum productivity.
By far, the most popular is Agile, with an adoption rate growing year over year for over a decade. An industry survey conducted in 2018 found that over 97% of responding organizations use Agile in some form, with 25% relying on it exclusively.
So how does Agile work?
Basically, itís about iteration. Instead of scoping out a project and then hunkering down until itís complete, an Agile team will continuously deliver small chunks over set time intervals, called sprints.
At Ignite, weíve found that three-week sprints work well, and thatís our standard operating procedure.
The result is that managers can keep a tight focus on how a project is evolving, and catch problems early, before they cause lasting damage.
This is perfect for managing offshore developers, since it requires tight communication throughout the entire process.
In other words, there wonít be an opportunity for your office to fall out of touch with the remote team, and that means the communication issues wonít develop in the first place.
Thereís a hierarchy to Internet communications.
At the bottom is text. That can take the form of text messages, online chat, or emails. Misunderstandings are common, and that holds true for offshore teams as well. Itís best used for quick updates, nothing more.
Audio is better for engagement, but itís still not ideal. Phone calls are never going away, but itís been found that 70% of communication is nonverbal.
Thatís why for crucial meetings and status calls, of which you should have plenty with your offshore team, video is king.
Thereís no replacing face-to-face communication, and when your workers are spread across the globe, video calls are the closest you can get.
Skype is still the most popular software for video conferencing, though it has plenty of competition these days.
Even with modern video conferencing, itís still a good idea to meet with your remote workers in person regularly. Letís get into that now.
Visiting Offshore Team
A good offshore development team represents an ongoing relationship.
Although itís technically possible to outsource a single project and then be done, this is a mistake.
The real value in an offshore development team is in making them an integral part of your company, so they can learn the ins and outs of the business and gain a true understanding of your strategic goals.
To foster this, itís important to make an appearance at the remote office, in person, about once a year.
Hereís what you should do while youíre there.
The reverse also works; you might want to invite some portion of the remote team to come work at your local office for a few days.
Think of these visits primarily as a teambuilding exercise.
Although itís a good opportunity to work through operational challenges as well, youíll find that the real value here is in getting to know the remote workers, letting them get to know you, and making them feel like a valued part of your business.
Youíll be rewarded with vastly increased engagement, and workers who actually understand and care about what theyíre doing for you.
Use this time to get to know the remote workers, listen to the challenges they face, and brainstorm ways to integrate them more tightly into your operations.
Remember that this visit is likely the only time the entire remote team will have access to you.
A well-organized outsourcing operation will utilize a project manager as the single point of contact, except for when youíre physically present.
Consider taking a tour of the office, hosting the workers for a meal, or even an overnight stay. In this more informal setting, take the time to listen to the challenges they face, their ideas for solving them, and brainstorm ways to more tightly integrate the remote team into your operations.
In addition to fostering engagement, you might be surprised at the solutions and new ideas that can develop during this process.
Invite Them Back
All of this applies in reverse, too.
That is, you should consider inviting some of your offshore workers to come visit your local office. This is a great opportunity for your employees to get to know the remote team in an informal setting.
Youíre likely to find that the two sets of workers collaborate much more effectively after spending some time in the same room.
Of course, the real point of all this is to ensure a successful development cycle.
So, letís get into some tips directly related to project management itself.
Project Management Tips for Offshore Teams
Managing a development project with remote workers involves many of the same principles as a local team.
As youíve learned, the best firms use the Agile methodology, and youíll find that the basics of day-to-day operations are much the same as a local office.
However, there are some key differences, mostly relating to the different mode of communication youíll take with a remote team.
Despite all the collaboration and video conferencing software available today, communication will never be quite as easy with a geographically disparate team as it is in a local office.
Here are a few ways to overcome that truth.
Spec the Project from Start to Finish
Most of what you do in managing remote workers is geared towards enhancing communication. The more efficiently your local and offshore teams can exchange ideas, the better off youíll be.
Itís important to minimize the ďblack boxĒ effect as much as possible. You need to be involved in project from start to finish, without feeling like youíve simply turned on an app-creating machine and stepped back.
However, the fact is that for large chunks of a project, the more distant workers will be operating just like that. A good development house will engage in as much planning as necessary.
But at some point, they have to get to work, executing the plan youíve constructed. Theyíre in another country, in another time zone, and itís just not possible to watch them every step of the way.
For that reason, itís vital for both parties to be clear on every step of the task. If you have any opinion at all on how a piece of the project should be built, build that into the spec.
Donít leave things vague, expecting the remote team to check in with you for clarification. Sometimes, thatís just not feasible for them, and theyíll need to take an educated guess.
To eliminate that possibility, be as thorough as you possibly can. Spec out every aspect of the project, even more so than you would with a developer working at your location.
Set SMART Goals
Basically, SMART is a method for creating concrete, measurable goals for yourself or your workers.
SMART goals leave no room for confusion or misunderstanding. They have a clear goal, a time limit, and there can be no doubt about whether or not theyíve been achieved.
This is a valuable technique for offshore developers. By leaving no wiggle room when defining success, you allow remote workers to make progress without wondering if theyíre going in the right direction.
We detailed SMART goals in our in-depth guide to Best Practices for Offshore Development, which you should absolutely read if you havenít already.
Practice Data Security
Finally, before committing to a remote office, you should make sure your data security is up to snuff.
A recent PricewaterhouseCoopers study found that data breaches are a growing concern with overseas companies. In particular, an astounding 85% of surveyed Indian outsourcing companies reported at least one data breach in 2015.
This entails locking down vulnerabilities both within and outside the offshore office.
Contracts and legal agreements need to be airtight. Physical and network security need to be emphasized as well, and this can be challenging when dealing with a remote office.
Learning how to manage an offshore development team is challenging, but ultimately rewarding.
Thereís a shift in perspective compared to working with local developers, but itís critical to long-term success.
Do you research and take the time not just to lay a strong foundation, but to manage the team well over time.
Set the stage for success with effective communication and goal-setting.
Keep the remote team engaged and invested by valuing them like your own employees.
Be detailed and thorough when specifying projects and setting objectives.
Do all this, and youíll see vastly improved productivity and innovation, and a significant cost savings.
Do you know how often you check your smartphone in a day?
No? Well, according to the Journal of Accountancy, thatís an astounding 86 times a day (At least for us millennial's. The rest of the population is a little saner). And the reason we are so addicted to our phones is the overwhelming sensory experience they provide in our daily lives. How so, you ask? Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube, WhatsApp (need I go on?!!)
So in a nutshell, smartphone apps are an integral part of our daily lives. They can be used to create connections, obtain information or just have fun! And while creating a smartphone app is also fun, it requires a little more guidance, specifically in choosing the right programming language. Thatís why this article deals with the top programming languages required for Android App Development UK and around the world.
What language to choose?
While Java is the official language for Android, there are many other languages that can be used for Android App Development. Details about these are provided below to help you make an informed decision.
Java is the official language for Android App Development and consequently, it is the most used language as well. Many of the apps in the Play Store are built with Java and it is also the most supported language by Google. In addition to all this, Java has a great online community for support in case of any problems (And trust me, there will be problems!).
However, Java is a complicated language for a beginner to use as it contains complex topics like constructors, null pointer exceptions, concurrency, checked exceptions, etc. Also, The Android Software Development Kit(SDK) increases the complexity to a new level!
All in all, Java is a great language to experience the full joys of Android App Development. However, it may be a little complex with beginners who would prefer to start with something easier and then return to it.
Kotlin is a cross-platform programming language that may be used as an alternative to Java for Android App Development. It has also been introduced as a secondary ďofficialĒ Java language in 2017. Kotlin can inter-operate with Java and it runs on the Java Virtual Machine.
The only sizable difference is that Kotlin removes the superfluous features of Java such as null pointer exceptions. It also removes the necessity of ending every line with a semicolon. In short, Kotlin is much simpler for beginners to try as compared to Java and it can also be used as an ďentry pointĒ for Android App Development.
C can be used for Android App Development using the Android Native Development Kit(NDK). However, an app cannot be created totally using C and the NDK is used to implement parts of the app in C native code. This helps in using C code libraries for the app as required.
While C is useful for Android App Development in some cases, it is much more difficult to set up and is much less flexible. It may also lead to more bugs because of the increased complexity. So, it is better to use Java as compared to C as it does not provide enough gain to offset the efforts required.
C# is quite similar to Java and so it is ideal for Android App Development. Like Java, C# also implements garbage collection so there are fewer chances of memory leaks. And C# also has a cleaner and simpler syntax than Java which makes coding with it comparatively easier.
Earlier, the biggest drawback of C# was that it could run only on Windows systems as it used the .NET Framework. However, this problem was handled by Xamarin.Android (formerly Mono for Android) which is a cross-platform implementation of the Common Language Infrastructure. Now, Xamarin.Android tools can be used to write native Android apps and share the code across multiple platforms.
Python can be used for Android App Development even though Android doesnít support native Python development. This can be done using various tools that convert the Python apps into Android Packages that can run on Android devices.
An example of this is Kivy that is an open source Python library used for developing mobile apps. It supports Android and also encourages rapid app development (which is a win-win situation according to me!). However, a downside to this is that there wonít be native benefits for Kivy as it isnít natively supported.
Corona is a software development kit that can be used for developing Android apps using Lua. It has two operational modes, namely Corona Simulator and Corona Native. The Corona Simulator is used to build apps directly while the Corona Native is used to integrate the Lua code with an Android Studio project to build an app using native features.
While Lua is a little limited as compared to Java, it is also much simpler and has an easier learning curve. Moreover, there are build in monetization features as well as various assets and plugins that enrich the app development experience. Corona is mostly used to create graphics applications and games but is by no means limited to that.
Now, its time to go forth and conquer Android!!!
There are a lot of apps such as Chat messengers. Music players, Games. Calculators. etc. that can be created using the above languages. And there is no language that can be called a ďcorrect languageĒ for Android App Development. So, itís upon you to make the correct choice of language on the basis of your objectives and preferences for each individual project. And always remember, whatever your choice, it will only expand your skill set and lead to your growth as an Android developer.
Due to the increased demand for software development, IT companies now prefer to give software development project to other Software Development Company UK and around the world and we call this phenomenon Offshore Software Development.
THE IDEA BEHIND OFFSHORE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT: The offshore services first began in the late 90s and today thousands of companies prefer offshore software development services. The reason is that you can give your software development project to top reputed companies around the globe.
Yes, there is no need to put the extra money to train your in-house employees while you can give your whole project to an offshore software development company.
If you are familiar with the concept of outsourcing software development, then it will be easy for you to understand the idea behind offshore software development. The offshore software development is the outsourcing of software development services from a third-party entity which is situated in a remote location off the shores of the first partyís residence.
WHY YOU SHOULD CHOOSE OFFSHORE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT? As we are living in a competitive age, companies who are not preferring outsourcing are at a great loss. The reason why you should choose offshore software development services is based on its following advantages:
Increased Focus: The offshore software development let you focus on the core values which means that it allows you to outsource the less important modules of your project to a third-party developer. By this, you can focus more on the core values and the functions of the software.
Fast Delivery Speed: When you give your software development project to an experienced IT company, it becomes the responsibility of the company to provide you the product within a given time. Outsourcing the services of software development companies ensures that your project will be completed on time without compromising its quality. This is because the professional IT companies have enough experience in the software development field which makes their developers consume less time on software development.
EASY SCALABILITY: The outsourcing of software development allows you to scale up and down according to the clientís demand. If you are planning to develop your required software in-house, let me tell you that it will cost you time, energy, and money. You have to train your employees or spend extra money on the recruitment of developers which might not be ideal for a one-time project. With offshore software development, you can hire experienced developers suitable for your software development project.
COST REDUCTION: With offshore software development, you do not need to spend money on tools, supplies, and other resources to develop software. You do not have to hire a whole team of developers for a one-time project. Offshore software development let you choose the best developers around the globe within a suitable cost.
SAVES TIME: As mentioned above, for In-House Software Development you need resources which may cost you a lot. Hiring developers for a one-time project is also not a good option. Therefore, offshore software development is preferred by companies as it reduces the cost of software development projects.
NO TRAINING REQUIRED: If you outsource software development services, there is no need to train your own employees for that. Your whole team can focus on the main goal of the business while the development company will take care of the development process.
REDUCED RISKS: The thing which you should always keep in mind that you must choose the software development services that matches your project requirement. Choosing the right software developer for your project reduces the risk of errors in software development.
Due to all these benefits, organizations seek to get offshore software development services, especially in the field of IT.
EMERGING TRENDS OF OFFSHORE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT: According to the report of Statista, the offshoring and outsourcing market in 2007 reached USD 88.9 billion globally. With this elevated business in the IT industry, the outsourcing of software development is expected to rise more in the future.
As more and more companies are getting benefits outsourcing services the following are some emerging offshore software development trends to look in the present year of 2019.
New Offshore Locations Enhanced Data Security Cloud-Computing Technology Excessive Use of Collaborative Tools Increasing Demand for Cutting-Edge Skills Block Chain Technology
There are countless reasons why you should shift to outsourcing including low labor and operational costs. Due to the increased demand for outsourcing software development, here are the details of top emerging trends of offshoring software development in 2019 you should know.
NEW OFFSHORE LOCATIONS: The trend of getting offshore software development services is spreading like a fire. According to market studies, around 80% of the worldís largest companies are getting offshore software development services. As the demand for outsourcing increases, more and more tasks will be done by preferring offshore services.
Today, Latin America and Asia are known to be the best offshore service providers. Moreover, the Philippines is expected to turn into famous offshoring choice due to low labor cost. It is already popular for its BPO services.
The recruitment of offshore development teams helps foreign organizations to jump-start their business. The Asian countries such as India is a prime destination for recruiting offshore software development due to the price flexibility, exceptional quality of services, and technological availability. So, if you are seeking best and professional offshore software development services the Asian countries would be a better choice for you.
ENHANCED DATA SECURITY: The main concern of a businessman is the security of the business data. When recruiting an offshore developer, people might think about whether their companyís data is secured or not. Well, it is not bad to worry about your data security. Many organizations believe that outsourcing is an open gate to security threats and data theft as data security is not guaranteed. Poor data security can lead to the loss of leakage of trade secrets. Obviously, data security cannot be compromised. Therefore, the World Wide Web has intensified the security risks for businesses either it is getting in-house or offshore services.
The security issues can be resolved by emphasizing the need for data integrity certifications. With the increased demand for offshore software development services, security solutions are evolving to address the clientís concerns.
CLOUD-COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY: We all are familiar with the concept of Cloud Computing as there has been around two decades since it was introduced to the world. Anyhow, in recent years cloud-computing is much popular.
According to the study conducted by the International Data Group (IDG), 69% of businesses use cloud-computing technology. Moreover, 18% of businesses are planning to implement cloud-computing technology solutions to enhance service quality. It is observed that companies that invest in cloud-technology enjoy 53% faster revenue growth as compared with other competitors.
Cloud computing guarantees a dynamic and significant increase in the overall profit of your business. Moreover, it also ensures customer satisfaction. The incorporation of cloud computing makes business reliable with most services sustaining an uptime of 99.9% on average. Because of this, all the services of your business become available 24/7. Moreover, cloud-based applications can be launched anywhere in the world at any point at any time.
Another amazing feature of cloud technology is that it offers flexible facilities which can be molded according to the requirements of the user. This means that the capacity of cloud-based services can be twisted depending on the needs of the user, which leads to the reduction of costs for the business.
Another amazing advantage of cloud computing is that it includes automated updates, enhances collaboration and security. It is estimated that cloud computing will rule over the technology world in the coming years and will become one of the dominant trends in outsourcing services. This is the reason offshore service providers are focusing on increasing productivity using cloud technologies.
EXCESSIVE USE OF COLLABORATIVE TOOLS: The purpose of introducing collaborative tools is to help multiple people to support each other for the accomplishment of a common objective. As offshoring services are common these days, collaborative tools are excessively being used by onshore and offshore teams. These tools act as a bridge between the in-house team and offshore team and create better understandings among them. By observing the needs of todayís working environment, app developers are focusing more on developing collaborating and communication tools.
The growing trend of the usage of collaborative tools ensures businessmen that they can easily get offshore services without any disturbance. The reason is that collaborative tools lower the risk of miscommunication, manages time, and reduce cost.
The following are some collaborative tools that will be used at a large scale to build a strong offshore team: Trello: This is a collaborative project management and storage tool. It possesses an intuitive user interface which helps team members to collaborate team members with different tasks such as the organization of attachments, conversations, and to-do lists.
JIRA: It is a software solution for offshore software development teams. JIRA helps team members to customize and modify track bugs, scrum boards, etc. It also helps to check the status of the project.
Yammer: It is an enterprise social network. Yammer mimics the collaborative environment but it is not like Facebook and Twitter etc. Basically, Yammer is a platform where team members can upload files, micro-blogs, etc. It helps team members to follow-up on discussion with other team members. In general, Yammer connects offshore and onshore team members around the globe.
INCREASING DEMAND FOR CUTTING-EDGE SKILLS: The fast evolution in technology from Artificial Intelligence. to Block Chain and Cryptocurrency creates the need for a business to resources with cutting-edge skills to stay competitive. The demand for skilled IT workers is increasing exponentially turning companies to get offshore software development services.
However, while hiring the software developers the main thing which the company considers is the soft skills and hard skills including teamwork, communication skills, leadership skills, etc.
According to studies, every third organization is looking for offshore software development services in the area of Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Cybersecurity. The outsourcing services are accelerating to facilitate global technical transformation. Due to which developers must have cutting-edge soft and hard skills to meet the competitive criteria of this digital world.
BLOCK CHAIN TECHNOLOGY: The blockchain technology hit the road of the digital world in 2017. This trend gained popularity in Healthcare Organizations, Telecommunications Industry, Media Houses, and many others. Almost every industry is looking forward to investing in blockchain technology to enhance its business models. Along with the financial industry, the IT industry is also taking advantages of this technology. The benefits of blockchain technology include reduced costs and complexity, increased flexibility, fast speed of digital transactions and reduces the probability of data duplication.
As there is an increased call of blockchain technology among many organizations, the developers with expertise in it are going to be in high demand too. With the increased demand for Blockchain Developers, outsourcing is done by the majority of companies to find the best developer around the globe.
THE STRATEGIES BEHIND OFFSHORING SERVICES: There is a huge number of companies which are getting offshoring software development services. The executives are developing strategies to aid outsourcing. The following are some outsourcing strategies that help the businesses to achieve maximum return on investment.
Share the Big Picture Create a Culture of Belonging Respect Offshore Team Expertise Communication Establishment of Consistent Process
It is obvious that strategies drive the tasks. For a better understanding of offshore software development services, letís have a look at the details of strategies behind these services.
SHARE THE BIG PICTURE: Most of the businesses take offshore services as execution partners for temporary projects, systems or functions. This gives the offshore service providers a vague image about the goals and objectives of the clientís company. To avoid this, the company must clearly communicate about their vision with offshore service providers so that the Offshore Software Development Team feel invested in the process of developing a product. The benefit of this strategy is that this will make offshore team members focus on the clientís goals and objectives.
CREATE A CULTURE OF BELONGING: The main problem in Offshore Software Development is miscommunication. The companies should create a culture of belonging between offshore and onshore team members so that they can work on the same goal. The client should promote a healthy engagement between onshore and offshore teams. This will result in a unified sense of belonging across time zones, borders, and hierarchies. The companies should make every team member, both onshore and offshore, feel included and appreciated so that all the team members work with their full concentration without any disruption.
RESPECT OFFSHORE TEAM EXPERTISE: With the advancement of technology, there is a huge demand for skilled cutting-edge developers. This increased demand makes the Offshore Developers create new innovative ways to tackle a roadblock in the software development process. Some clients practice very active approach with their offshore resources which does not always give good results. Anyhow, it is significant that businesses use diverse skillset of their recruited team members. The professional approach of employees can help the business go the extra mile.
COMMUNICATION: Whether working offshore or onshore, communication is the key to success. Many projects and companies go down just because of miscommunication. Working with an offshore team requires a lot of attention and communication because you have to deal with two different time zones. Your offshore team is a virtual team which requires effective communication. The best thing to deal with both onshore and offshore teams is to create a bridge between them. This can be done by creating an environment for communication where both onshore and offshore team members can collaborate effectively.
The collaborative tools have made communication between offshore and onshore team members too easy. Both teams can simply schedule the meetings, make notes, and communicate with each other using these collaborative tools. The use of collaborative tools reduces the friction between two teams and aid in the planning and success of the project.
ESTABLISHMENT OF CONSISTENT PROCESS: The most common problem faced by many companies with offshoring is the risk of inconsistent process deliverable's. The software development process is implemented differently by different developers. Although the main stages of the software development process such as requirement gathering, coding, testing, etc. remain the same. The software development process gets interrupted due to the lack of these standard practices. Both the offshore and onshore team members should have a clear vision when developing software so that any hurdle in the process can be detected at the beginning of the process. The client should provide clear requirements to the offshore developers so that the risk of inconsistency can be reduced.
Offshoring Software Development Services is quite a challenging task. Because your service providers are virtual, you cannot compromise the communication. Bridging the time zones and geographical locations is the key to outsourcing any service. Offshoring services are being taken by many countries including America and Europe. The companies around the globe want to recruit the best people for a job regardless of their geographical location.
Getting up to date with evolving technological trend and provide the best services is the goal of every company. Does your company follow these trends? Do you think your business needs offshoring software development services? Or if you already getting these services do you think there is another way to make it in a better way?
So youíve decided to create a web application? Great, welcome to a world without any easy choices. There is a vast amount of different great technologies in every step you are going to make. And for every option, you will find a notable company that used it with great success.
The web development market is huge. Itís the biggest programming space by far, with never-ending technology options. Looking at the StackOverflow survey of 2019, 52% of all developers are full-stack developers, 50% are back-end developers and 32.8% are front-end developers.
StackOverflow Developer Type Survey As you can probably guess, 134.8% of all developers is a pretty big market. There are many popular technologies, databases, philosophies, design patterns and methodologies in the software world. They change drastically every few years, but somehow the old ones never seem to die. Cobol and ClearCase are great examples of something that shouldnít still exist but clearly does.
We will talk about 9 technological choices you have to make when developing a proper web application. Some will not be relevant to your product, but most will be. A lot of these choices give way to an entirely new group of choices, but thatís just modern-day development.
Iím mostly a .NET developer, but Iíll try to stay objective and not to express too many personal opinions.
This article is talking about web applications, not websites. The distinction is a bit hard to put into words. Blogs and standard e-commerce sites are websites, whereas interactive websites like eBay and Facebook are web applications. Pretty much anything you canít build (easily) with WordPress is a web application.
Client & Server Architectural Pattern Since the internet came to life, we developed many different ways to build web applications. We had CGI, PHP, ASP, Silverlight, WebForms, and a bunch of others. In the last 10-15 years, we came to agree on 2 architectural patterns: model-view-controller(MVC) on the server-side or single-page-application (SPA) on the client side and Web API on the server side. Out of those two, the second approach (SPA + Web API) is getting the most traction in recent years. The first decision in your web application is to choose an architectural approach.
Single Page Application (SPA) and Web API Ever since AngularJS was released in 2010, SPA and Web API combination gradually became the most popular way to write modern web applications. And with some good reasons. With this pattern, the entire client side part of the application is loaded just once rather than loading each page from the server. The routing is done entirely on the client side. The server provides just the API for data.
There are many advantages to this approach: Sine the entire client is loaded once in the browser, the page navigation is immediate and the web application experience becomes more like a desktop application experience.
Separation between client-side and server-side. Thereís no longer necessity for full-stack developers (that know both server-side and client-side).
Testing both the client and server is easier because they are separate.
Your Web API server is reusable for any type of application Ė web, desktop, and mobile.
And some disadvantages: Initial project setup is slower. Instead of creating one "new project" in your favorite MVC framework, you now have separate projects for the client-side and server-side. Youíll have to deal with more technologies overall. Slower first-page load. In a SPA we are loading the entire client-side for the first page.
Youíll have to use bundlers like webpack for a decent develop experience. This adds some overhead like having to deal with bundler configuration. However, this is also an advantage because the bundler allows to easily add more tools to the build chain, like babel and a linter.
Model-View-Controller (MVC) The server-side MVC pattern got popular in 2005 with the release of Ruby on Rails and Django frameworks.
Some popular MVC frameworks are Ruby on Rails, ASP.NET MVC, Django, Laravel, and Spring MVC
You can somewhat combine between MVC and SPAs. One View can be a single page application on its own. This is best done with thin SPA frameworks like Vue.js. Others
There are a couple of other ways you can go, which arenít considered great options nowadays. They are old technologies, which were replaced for a reason. Some of those are:
Classic ASP Classic PHP (without MVC) WebForms Static pages and Web API (this is still valid for static content, but not for a web application)
All of these frameworks are free and most are open source. This is not an exhaustive list, but those are the most popular technologies.
Choosing a popular framework is important. It probably got popular for a reason. A popular framework will have better support, better documentation, and more documented issues. Perhaps most importantly, youíll find more developers that are familiar with that framework.
Checking market popularity with Google Trends and surveys in this particular category was a bit difficult. Instead, we can see popularity by looking at Tags in StackOverflow. We can see overall usage according to the total number of questions asked. And we can see the trends according to the number of questions asked in the last month. This is not a perfect indicator of popularity, but I think itís pretty good. Here are the results:
Backend frameworks trends Node.js, for example, has 291K questions, 161K watchers and 5K questions asked this month.
The big 4 winners are Node.js, ASP.NET, Spring, and Ruby on Rails. Flask, Django REST and GO are much less popular. However, this is not a fair comparison.
Keep in mind that even though Node.js is clearly the most popular, the other ones are still extremely popular technologies.
Java Jersey, Apache CXF and Ruby Sinatra usage was so much lower in comparison that I didnít even include them in the chart. There are probably hundreds of other lesser known frameworks that donít appear as well.
Besides popularity, here are some more considerations when choosing: For web applications that provide big-data analysis, consider going with a Python backend.
Which development technologies are more popular in your area of the world? Prefer those.
If you love C#, but afraid to be stuck with a Microsoft proprietary tech thatís tightly coupled to Windows, then fear no more. The latest versions of ASP.NET (.NET Core) are open-source, work on Linux and have great performance on top. If you have a team thatís already experienced with a framework or language, go with their known technology. This consideration trumps all others.
Server-side MVC (when choosing MVC) Like with Web API, thereís a big selection of server-side technologies that use the MVC pattern. Up to a few years ago, the MVC pattern was by far the most popular way to build web applications. The most notable frameworks are: C# Ė ASP.NET MVC Java Ė Spring MVC, Apache Struts, Play Framework Groovy Ė Grails Framework Python Ė Django Ruby Ė Ruby on Rails PHP Ė Laravel And hereís the popularity contest results according to Stack Overflow Tags: Backend MVC frameworks trends This is a normalized chart. ASP.NET MVC, for example, has 183K questions, 63K watchers and 856 questions asked this month. These results were interesting and quite surprising for me. I expected Ruby on Rails, Spring and ASP.NET MVC to be on top. Instead, I found that Django, Ruby on Rails and Laravel were the most popular frameworks. Ruby on Rails has the most questions in all times. Django and Laravel seem to be rising in popularity with the most questions asked in the last 30 days.
Besides popularity, the additional considerations when choosing a framework are similar to the ones for Web Api server side: For web applications that provide big-data and statistics, consider going with Python Django. The strongly typed vs weakly typed language is still a consideration. If you have a team that already knows and loves a framework or a language, go with the already-known known technology. On a personal note, Iím dumbfounded that PHP is gaining popularity. Performance Benchmarks Ė for Both Web API and MVC
If youíre building a small business web application, performance might not matter as much. But for big applications that should serve many requests, response times are crucial. The most notable performance benchmarks comparison site is https://www.techempower.com/benchmarks/. Here, you can find a huge list of frameworks and various server configurations. Those are all benchmarked and compared into something like this: server-side performance framework benchmarks The candidates in the above test include a server with a web framework, a database, and an ORM. In the benchmark, the frameworkís ORM is used to fetch all rows from a database table containing an unknown number of messages.
If we go by language, the fastest is Rust, followed by C, Go, Java, C++, PHP, C#, and Kotlin. If we go back to our "popular" frameworks and look for them, weíll find this: ASP.NET Core Web API (42.8% of best result) Node.js variation (17.9% of best result) ASP.NET Core MVC (17.2%) Spring (4.4%) Laravel variation (2.9%) Django (1.9%) Ruby on Rails (1.3%) By the way, the #1 performance winner Actix is a Rust language framework that I didnít include due to its very low popularity.
React and Angular dominate the market with Vue.js a distant 3rd. React in particular has the most interest.
This means your best choice in 2020 is between React, Angular, and Vue.js. These frameworks have the best community support, the most documented issues, and the best component/library support. With React and Angular having the most support. Here are a few more points to consider: Angular was built as a sort of "enterprise" framework that considered everything and forces you into a particular mode of work. React and Vue.js are more separated into components and allow you to pick and choose development approaches.
React won the "Most loved web framework" title in StackOverflow survey of 2019, with Vue.js a close second.
Database Every modern web application has some sort of database. Or several databases even. In the old days, there were just relational databases and the differences were in performance and features. Today, weíre in the age of "specialized databases". We need different databases for different purposes, which makes this decision pretty important. Iíd say even more important than the previous decisions of server-side and client-side technology because those offer pretty much the same thing in different flavors. Itís important to understand your business needs when choosing a database. If your product needs high-performance Search capabilities, consider using Elastic Search. If you have a high-load of similar requests, whose response doesnít change very frequently, consider using Redis for its caching. If you just want to store a bunch of JSON documents without much fuss, then go with a document-store database like MongoDB.
Databases can be divided into several types: Relational Databases Ė A classic table database that works with SQL queries like Microsoft SQL Server.
NoSql databases: Document-store databases like MongoDB Key-Value stores like DynamoDB and Redis Wide column store like Cassandra Graph-based database like Neo4j. Before choosing a specific database, itís best to decide on the type of the database you need. Like with other technologies, choosing a popular database is very important. Youíll have more forums, bigger community and more developers familiar with the technology. Besides, they probably got popular for a reason. According to Stack Overflow 2019 survey, the most popular databases are: popular databases 2019
MySQL is by far the most popular database. Note that the all 4 first spots are filled with relational databases. This might serve as some kind of indication that relational databases are the best choice in most applications. Here are a few points to consider when choosing:
Some of the commercial databases like Oracle and SQL Server can be quite pricey. Consider using one of the many open-source databases if the cost is an issue and you have a lot of data.
Relational database stood the test of time. They are fast, reliable and have a ton of tools that work with them. Youíll also find more developers familiar with the technology.
If youíre using a certain cloud provider, see which databases they support as cloud-as-a-service. This can reduce some initial development time when starting out. You might not actually need your cloud provider because there are services that provide independent database-as-a-service services like MongoDB Atlas.
For small web applications, the considerations are different than for large enterprise applications. Youíll need databases with the ability to scale, possibly to multiple machines (sharding).
For distributed databases, consider the CAP theorem. It states that a database can provide only as much 2 out of 3 guarantees between Consistency, Availability, and Partition tolerance. Consider which two guarantees are most important to your needs and which database provides those two.
For big applications or apps with high-frequency requests, youíll need to consider performance. One of the best places to find performance comparisons is DB-ENGINES. Here are the latest scores while writing this:
Database choice is obviously a huge topic and an important one. Unlike other decisions, I suggest giving this one more weight and do additional research.
Deployment In 2020, we have a big variety of Cloud Offerings. I believe that deployment in the cloud is the best fit in almost all cases. With a few exceptions. So before comparing cloud service providers, letís talk about why you would deploy to the cloud and what alternatives you have. There are actually 3 options available: Cloud deployment Ė Instead of bothering with setting up your servers in the basement, you can rent compute power and storage from a company like AWS or Azure. In fact, ever since AWS was launched in 2006, the software world is changing in this direction. There are many advantages to this:
With the Cloud, you can use dynamic scaling to cut costs. In low-pressure times, reduce the number of servers and in high-pressure times increase them. Since you pay-per-minute or per-hour, you can dramatically decrease costs.
The initial setup and deployment are much easier. In some cases, like with Azure App Service, deploying to a server for the first time is literally a few clicks. You need to employ much fewer sys-admins (but a few DevOps engineers).
You no longer need to buy server machines, store them in the basement and upkeep them. Itís all in the cloud man.
On-premise deployment Ė On-premise servers is the way organizations worked up to 2006. You had a server room and an army of sys-admins to keep them running. In 2020, we still have a lot of on-premise deployments. These companies either started on-premise and just didnít move to the cloud or they have some good reasons to stay on-premise. You should consider staying on-premise if: You have some security or legal issues to place your server in the cloud. Maybe itís software in the military and government sectors.
Youíve invested so much effort in your on-premise server farm that it no longer makes sense moving to the cloud. It can happen if youíre a big enough company and youíve made your on-premise solution automated enough to justify the upkeep. Youíre big enough that it makes financial sense not to pay to the middle man. One example is Dropbox who arenít in the cloud. They did the math and it makes sense for them to be on-premise.
Hybrid cloud solution Ė The big cloud providers allow you to install a fully operational cloud server on-premise. That is, youíll have an AWS or Azure portal installed in your own data center. Pretty crazy concept and not for everyone, especially due to the cost. Both Azure Stack and AWS Outposts require you to buy new customized hardware. Google recently released Anthos, which doesnít require customized hardware.
Comparing Cloud Service Providers Cloud services are divided into 3 categories: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS). To deploy our web application, weíre interested in IaaS. The three dominant IaaS cloud providers are: Amazonís AWS, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform. Besides, itís worth mentioning IBM Cloud, DigitalOcean, Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Compute, Red Hat Cloud, and Alibaba Cloud.
Besides AWS, Azure, and GCP, the only real competitor in terms capabilities is Alibaba. Unfortunately for them, major western enterprises are not so willing to work with a Chinese company.
The 3 big cloud providers have somewhat similar offerings. They all offer services like Scalable Virtual Machines, Load balancers, Kubernetes orchestrators, serverless offerings, storage as a service, database as a service, private networks & isolation, big data services, machine learning services, and many more.
Competition is fierce. Prices are somewhat similar and when one of the providers comes up with a new popular product, the other providers will adjust and offer similar products.
Authentication & Authorization In practically all web applications we have a Sign-in mechanism. When signed in, you are identified in the web application and can: Leave comments, buy products, change personal settings and use whatever functionality the application offers. The ability of your application to verify that you are who you say you are is called Authentication. Whereas Authorization means permissions mechanism for different users. There are a couple of ways you can go with authentication and authorization: The manual solution Ė Most web frameworks have support for authentication and authorization (usually with JWT tokens). If not, thereís always a free 3rd party library available. This means you can manually implement basic auth mechanisms. External Identity Server Ė There are several open-source and commercial identity providers that implement the OpenID Connect standard. This means that client-server communication will involve a dedicated identity server.
The advantages are that these servers have already implemented a bunch of auth features for you. These might include: Single sign-on and sign-out with different application types Built-in support for external identity providers (Google, Facebook,Ö) Role-based permissions (authorization) Multi-factor authentication Compliant with standards like ISO, SOC2, HIPAA,Ö Built-in analytics and logs
Your cloud provider probably has an identity server, like AWS Cognito or Azure Active Directory B2C.
Notable open-source solutions are: IdentityServer, MITREid Connect, Ipsilon. Notable commercial solutions: Auth0, Okta, OneLogin Make sure to do some price calculations before committing to a commercial solution like Auth0. They tend to get kind of pricey and using an open-source implementation is also a good option.
Logging Server-side logging is pretty important for any type of software, and web applications are not an exception. Whether to implement logging or not is not really a decision Ė implement logging. The decision is where to send these logs and hot to consume them. Here are some logging targets to consider: A database. Logging to a database has many advantages You can retrieve the logs from anywhere, without access to the production machine.
Itís easy to aggregate logs when you have multiple servers. Thereís no chance the logs will be deleted from a local machine. You can easily search and extract statistics from the logs. This is especially useful if youíre using Structured Logging.
Thereís a myriad of choices for a database to store your logs. We can categorize them as follows: Relational Databases are always an option. Theyíre easy to set up, can be queried with SQL and most engineers are already familiar with them. NoSQL Databases like CouchDB. These are perfect for structured logs that are stored in JSON format.
Time-series Databases like InfluxDB are optimized to store time-based events. This means your logging performance will be better and your logs will take less storage space. This is a good choice for intense high-load logging. Searchable Solutions like Logstash + Elastic Search + Kibana (The "Elastic Stack") provide a full service for your logs. They will store, index, add search capabilities and even visualize your logs data. They work best with structured logging.
Error/Performance monitoring tools can also act as logging targets. This is very beneficial since they can display errors alongside log messages that were in the same Http request context. A few choices are elmah.io, AWS Cloudwatch and Azure Application Insights.
Logging to File is still a good logging target. It doesnít have to be exclusive, you can log both to file and a database for example. Once you have logging in place, I suggest doing a test run on retrieving them or searching them. Itís going to be a shame to wait until you have a bug in production only to find out that you have some kind of problem in your logging.
Payment Processor In many web applications, you are going to be charging your customers. That is, receive credit card, PayPal or Bitcoin for services (well, not Bitcoin). Even though theoretically, you can implement payment processing yourself, itís not recommended. Youíll have to deal with PCI compliance, security issues, different laws in different countries (like GDPR), frauds, refunds, invoices, exchange rates, and a million other things. There are several big commercial players in this field like PayPal, Stripe, 2checkout, and BlueSnap. Those have a rich API and you can integrate the payment in your own site.
Here are some things to consider when choosing a payment processing company: Security and PCI Compliance Ė Make sure your chosen payment processor has PCI compliance. Any company that handles credit card has to uphold this standard. All the major companies will be PCI compliant.
Fees Ė The standard fees in the industry are 2.9% of the transaction + 30 cents. Maybe some companies offer a cheaper rate.
Exchange Rates Ė If you have international customers, they will pay in their own currency. Check which exchange rates the payment processor charges. Ease of API Ė One of the most important considerations is the ease of API. Be sure you will have a lot of interaction with the payment processor. Youíll want hooks on transaction events, modification of invoices, adding discounts or more fees, refunds, and so on. Stripe, in particular, is known for itís excellent API. Popularity Ė Big companies will have more forums and internet discussions. With PayPal or Stripe, thatís not going to be a problem. With big companies, youíll also find more developers familiar with the framework.
Data portability Ė If you ever wanted to change payment processors, the current processor needs to allow that option. PayPal, for example, just wonít give you your customerís credit card data. Whereas Stripe allows to export card data.
Summary As you can see, web application development in 2020 is not getting any closer to a consensus. If anything, we have more technologies to choose from and as much controversy as ever. I guess this is good news for us developers since we can afford to have specialties and get paid extra for our respective narrow fields. In almost all decisions, all the choices are pretty good. That means you wonít make a terrible mistake by choosing the one over the other. On the other hand, by choosing one youíre usually stuck with them. Suppose you chose to go with AWS and then decided to move to Azure. Thatís not going to be that easy.
There were a lot more "Must" decisions I wanted to include like Error Monitoring, Application Performance Management tools, ORMs, Mobile support + PWAs, and Localization. Then, there are a bunch of client-side decisions like free or paid UI Controls, bundlers, linters, and so on. This article got a little bigger than I planned, so Iíll leave those to another post. Thanks for reading, Cheers.
When most people think about building a mobile app, their minds go straight to native development. Native apps are built specifically for certain platforms, like iOS or Android.
Donít get me wrong; I wonít sit here and say that there arenít advantages to taking the native route. But with that said, native development will likely be your most expensive path.
On the other hand, cross-platform development is rising in popularity. In fact, the cross-platform app development market surpassed $7.5 billion at the end of 2018.
This development method allows you to develop an app for Android, iOS, and Windows simultaneously. But can these apps be as good as native apps? Honestly, if you use the right tools and resources, users wonít be able to tell the difference.
But where do you begin? What tools do you use for cross-platform development? These are common questions that I hear on a regular basis. That was my inspiration for creating this guide.
Iíve created the ultimate resource of development tools, programming languages, and tutorials for cross-platform development. This will put you in a position to build a mobile app thatís ad no disadvantage compared to traditional native apps. Plus, youíll have the benefit of reaching users across different platforms with just one app.
Cross-platform development is the way of the future. I highly recommend using this guide as a reference and learning tool.
The Best Cross Platform Development Tools First things first; If youíre going to build a cross-platform app, you need to pick a development tool. Iíve narrowed down the top options to consider based on ease of use and outstanding performance. These are the most popular choices in terms of quality. So check them out and decide which one is best for your specific needs.
PhoneGap PhoneGap is owned by Adobeóa company with a reputation that speaks for itself. This is definitely one of the most popular cross-platform development options within the developer community. Itís based on the open source Apache Cordova. This open source framework gives you access to the PhoneGap toolset, which makes it possible for you to get to market faster.
Xamarin Xamarin is a product from Microsoft Visual Studio. It allows you to build apps for iOS, Android, and Windows using a single .net code. All apps built with Xamarin look and feel like they are native apps. Thatís because Xamarin uses native interfaces that behave the way a user would expect them to. If you use Xamarin, your app will have platform-specific hardware boosts that are compiled to achieve native performance. This isnít the case with alternative solutions that need to interpret code at runtime. More than 75% of your code will be the same, regardless of the platform youíre building for. Xamarin identifies the similar code and accelerates the process for cross-platform development. You can access their IDEs on whichever platform you prefer. The visual studio is available for both Mac and PC. Both systems come with publishing tools, debugging, UI design, and code editing.
Redhat Formerly known as FreedHenry, Redhat is a global resource of open source solutions. They offer specific services for cross-platform development and mobile backend. This lets enterprises develop and launch mobile apps for Android, iOS, and Windows simultaneously via the cloud. Here are some of Redhatís tools that are specific to app development:
OpenShift application runtimes OpenShift application container platform Developer studio Decision manager Data grid Process automation manager JBoss enterprise application platform JBoss web server
As you can see, they have a wide variety of tools that will help you with your cross-platform development needs.
Alpha Software Alpha Software is a solution for enterprises. The main purpose of this software is to build business apps that are intended for employee usage. If your company doesnít issue smartphones to your employees, then itís a safe assumption that everyone will be using different platforms. Thatís why you need to use a cross-platform development tool to build your app.
Some common features built with Alpha Software include: Event reports Work orders Field research Signature capture Medical forms Safety checklists Equipment inspections Service dispatch
These types of functions are versatile enough to accommodate enterprises in any industry. Alpha Software offers a 30-day free trial. So at the very least, itís worth trying out.
Sencha Ext JS With Sencha Ext JS, you can build cross-platform web applications for smartphones, tablets, and desktops. This is a top option for those of you who need to build an app thatís data-intensive. The framework uses HTML5 functionality for modern browsers. All of the UI components have been previously integrated and tested for optimal performance. Some of the available components include grids, forms, menus, panels, toolbars, trees, and lists. There are also hundreds of extensions available for complete customization when youíre building.
Sencha offers a sophisticated data visualization table, making it easier for you to track extensive information. The Ext JS data package is robust and highly functional with a flexible layout manager. This makes it possible for you to organize how your content is displayed based on device, screen size, and browser. Sencha also has an accessibility package thatís Section 508 compliant, which is a huge benefit it, considering the fact that app accessibility is the new must in mobile development.
Kony Quantum Kony Quantum is an easier way to build mobile apps for multiple platforms. Thatís because they have a visual canvas with pre-built components for you to choose from. You can use Kony to create new apps or improve existing apps as well. This tool is great for inexperienced developers. They provide guided tours and single-click cloud builds throughout the process. Itís easy to integrate data, which will eventually be put on a visual data map to enhance productivity. The end result of your cross-platform development project will be modern, beautiful, and entice an engaging experience for the user.
Alternative Cross Platform Editors and IDEs For those of you who want to create a basic mobile app or need something thatís more niche-specific, youíll definitely want to look through these alternative editors and IDEs.
The options below arenít necessarily as popular as the major cross-platform development tools that weíve seen so far, but theyíre still very helpful and easy to learn.
Mobincube Mobincube is a multi-platform tool used to build native multiplatform apps for Android and iOS. More than 193,000 apps have been published by Mobincube users. Furthermore, apps created with this tool have resulted in more than 238 million downloads. This has resulted in over $3.2 million in revenue for developers. Itís free to sign up for Mobincube and itís very easy to use. If you want additional features like app store optimization, ad removal, and cloud user management, youíll need to upgrade to one of their premium plans.
IntelliJ IDEA IntelliJ IDEA is an open source product from JetBrains. Right out of the box developers will get the tools and version controls they need to support a wide range of frameworks and programming languages, without having to install any plugins. Itís mainly used with Java development for Android, but with that said, it can also be used for cross-platform development.
Qt According to their website, Qt claims that eight out of the top ten Fortune 500 companies use their products. Qt is great for rapid development, deployment, and prototyping. The IDE and UI tools are intended for both developers and designers. The platform is reliable, stable, and yields high-performing results. Their cross-platform development framework makes it possible for businesses to use a single codebase with common APIs to support all mobile platforms.
Cocos2D Cocos2D is made for those of you who want to build a cross-platform gaming app. It comes with a package of development tools, specifically for gaming. The Cocos Creator also comes with tools for game previewing, a game engine, scene editing, publishing, and game debugging. All of these make it possible for you to deploy your mobile game across multiple platforms.
Corona Corona is another cross-platform framework thatís used for creating gaming apps for both mobile devices and desktop systems. Once you publish your app, it can be accessed across multiple devices, such as: iPhone iPad Android phones Android tablets Amazon Fire Windows desktop Mac desktop Apple TV Android TV Fire TV
Corona uses Lua, which is an open source programming language. Itís fast, lightweight, and powerful. Some of the worldís most popular games like Angry Birds and Warcraft use Lua.
This is a free cross-platform resource. Everything you build can be deployed on all devices with just one code base.
Ionic also has tons of guides and resources to help you get through the building process. The newest version of this editor claims to be smaller, faster, and more extensible than ever before.
Youíll need to install Ionic Studio locally onto your device. But the visual editor makes it easy for you to build apps fast.
Yapp Yapp is used for making a very specific type of application. You can use this platform to create cross-platform apps for conferences, events, and meetings. Itís essentially a way for companies to run an event by going paperless. This improves the accuracy of information given to attendees and guests whenever you need to make last minute changes. You can create and send push notifications to guests with reminders about the schedule as well.
So for those of you who are looking to build an app to manage your events, Iíd definitely recommend using Yapp.
RubyMotion As the name implies, RubyMotion is made for writing cross-platform native apps with the Ruby programming language. With RubyMotion, all of the applications are built using the terminal command line. So youíll be able to use your favorite editor, as opposed to learning how to use a new one.
Once your code gets written in the interactive console, the real-time changes will be integrated to third-party libraries. From there, RubyMotion has a built-in debugger to help you identify any problems. There is an automated testing framework integrated into this platform as well.
Dropsource Compared to some of the other editors and IDEs on our list, Dropsource is a fairly newer alternative. Itís a browser-based platform, so you donít need to install anything on your machine.
You can build cross-platform native apps using Swift and Java. Just because itís a browser-based editor, it doesnít mean you lose mobile functionality. You can still add elements like geolocation, face ID, touch ID, push notifications, and video recording to your app.
Dropsource has a visual editor and REST API, which is ideal for seamless data integrations. Itís easy to update your app with their drag and drop process.
AppsMoment AppsMoment has been on the market for six years. During that time their platform has been used to help more than 60,000 people publish over 700,000 apps. No coding is required to build these cross-platform mobile apps. They have over 500 app templates and 120 features for you to speed up the building process.
Xojo At a minimum, the majority of the cross-platform tools weíve seen so far have the ability to build apps for mobile, web, and desktop. Xojo stands out from the crowd because itís compatible with all of these but also lets you develop with Raspberry Pi.
Itís easy for developers to build a native interface quickly with the drag and drop UI. This makes Xojo a top option for beginners.
Iíd also recommend their community forums, which can be a useful resource to get help and clarification whenever youíre stuck. Xojo also has tons of tutorials, video demonstrations, textbooks, and example projects to ease the learning curve.
The web-based development studio is made to enhance productivity. As a developer, you can focus on the business side and user experience of your app, while the platform automatically adjusts to scale accordingly.
Mag+ Mag+ has digital publishing software intended for building mobile business apps across multiple platforms. Their SDK simplifies the process for publishing content to your app.
You can design, build, distribute, and publish your app all with the help of Mag+ tools.
Itís not as popular as some of the other tools on our list. Less than 5,000 apps have been built with their platform. But with that said, big names like Volvo, United Airlines, and the Harvard Business School have created apps with Mag+. Iíd recommend it for things like internal newsletter applications, sales presentations, branded magazines, and product catalogs.
Programming Languages The majority of cross-platform editors and IDEs all operate under the same premise. Developers use one code base to build their app. If you know more languages for the coding environments, youíll have more options when it comes to choosing the best tool for building your cross-platform app. Not every programming language is the same. Some are new, some are old, and others are more known for native development on specific platforms. Either way, Iíve narrowed down the top cross-platform development languages for you to consider for your project.
Java Java is another top choice for cross-platform development. There arenít many downsides to using this programming language to build any type of app since itís compatible nearly anywhere.
Java is known for keeping costs low, driving innovation, and improving app services. Itís the go-to language for cloud computing and enterprise architecture.
Ruby Ruby is a newer programming language thatís open source. Itís meant to be as simple and lightweight as possible. Unlike some of the other languages, Ruby was designed specifically for mobile applications. People like Ruby because the syntax is easy to write and reads naturally.
C++ As a general-purpose programming language, C++ is seemingly everywhere. It runs on platforms like Mac, Windows, Unix, and Linux. It probably shouldnít be your first choice for cross-platform mobile apps, since it can add some strain to mobile resources.
C# C# is becoming one of the most popular languages for cross-platform web applications. What Objective-C is for Mac, C# is for Microsoft. If youíre familiar with Java, C++, or C, then it will be easy for you to recognize and pick up C#. This object-oriented language can be learned fairly quickly.
You can access a digital copy of the book by clicking the link above. There are some great illustrations in addition to the informative text written by Haverbeke.
Java language tutorials There are tons of Java tutorials on the web. But you really only need to consider these three options below to teach you how to write in Java. Freeware Java
Freeware Java is basically a list of Java resources for various projects. The tutorials include: Special effects and game development Code signing Java 2D Developing an arcade game Java lecture notes Java for students
So check out this language tutorial if you have some specific needs that youíre looking for help with.
The Java Tutorials
If you want to learn how to use Java, sometimes your best bet is to go straight to the source. The Java Tutorials are available from Oracle, the original developer of the Java language.
Here youíll be able to find information on the basics like date-time APIs and deployment. They also have tutorials on graphical user interfaces, as well as specialized lessons for things like custom networking, generics, internationalization, and sockets direct protocol.
Tutorialspoint Tutorialspoint has an extensive list of Java video tutorials. There are basic videos covering things like environment setups, syntax, variable types, loop controls, and decision making.
Youíll also have access to specific object-oriented tutorials for: Interfaces Packages Overriding Abstraction Inheritance Encapsulation Polymorphism
Tutorialspoint offers videos for advanced Java components like multithreading, serialization, collections, and data structures. Ruby language tutorials
As I said before, Ruby has a reputation for being easy to write and read. Itís not as popular as some of the other languages, but its usage is increasing for mobile apps.
The Well-Grounded Rubyist The Well-Grounded Rubyist is a book that was written by David A. Black in 2014. This 536-page tutorial covers topics for Ruby beginners as well as programmers who have in-depth experience using this language.
There are three different sections to the book, each with extensive explanations and applications: Part 1 ó Ruby foundations Part 2 ó Built-in classes and modules Part 3 ó Ruby Dynamics
Itís available as a physical book as well as a digital copy, so get whichever version you prefer.
Ruby Koans Ruby Koans is a hands-on tutorial on the Ruby language. The course takes you through different problems that you need to solve on your own. This is one of the best ways to learn a new skill. Itís compatible with most editors, but there are some suggested options that that will give you the best experience. For example, if youíre using Windows, you should use the E Text Editor, RubyMine, or jEdit to get the most out of the Ruby Koans tutorials.
Pragmatic Studio The Pragmatic Studio offers free tutorials, video courses, and books to teach a wide range of developer skills. You can find plenty of great resources for Ruby here as well.
There are more than 25 videos on basic Ruby programming, totaling more than 5 hours of content. The pragmatic studio has more in-depth video tutorials on mastering Ruby blocks and Ruby on Rails. If you include the accelerated content, there are roughly 100 videos and nearly 20 hours worth of Ruby tutorials.
Youíll likely want to upgrade to the premium content. The free courses are useful, but they are limited.
C++ language tutorials Learning C++ may not be your first priority for cross-platform mobile app development. But when youíre ready to take the plunge, look no further than the two language tutorials below.
Engineer4Free As you might have guessed, Engineer4Free will teach you C++ at no cost. Itís a top choice for learning C++, even if you donít have any prior experience with this language.
For those of you who have some basic knowledge and foundation for C++, the course also has advanced lessons for functions, vectors, loops, and more. Overall, there are 47 C++ tutorials offered by Engineer4Free.
C# language tutorials Learning C# will help you tremendously as a programmer and developer. These are my top two favorite tutorials for C#.
C# Fundamentals for Absolute Beginners C# Fundamentals for Absolute Beginners is an older resource on the C# programming language. Most of the content hasnít been updated in years, but itís still relevant and able to teach you C# from scratch.
Even if youíve never coded before in your lifetime, these video tutorials will walk you through the process of everything you need to know as a C# beginner.
HTML5 language tutorials Having a basic knowledge of HTML5 will help you tremendously with your cross-platform development projects.
The New Boston Over 2.2 million people have subscribed to The New Boston YouTube channel. They have uploaded more than 4,200 video tutorials related to web design, programming, game development, and graphic design.
They have a 53-video playlist on HTML5. I highly recommend these for beginners and experienced developers alike. The videos are quick and informative, with the majority falling somewhere in the 5-10 minute range.
Codecademy You could argue that Codecademy is the best online resource for learning to code online. Theyíve been operating for more than seven years. During that time, over 45 million people have used this resource to learn coding.
Codecademy has a wide range of development and programming tutorials. Teaching HTML5 is definitely one of their specialties.
HTML-5-Tutorial The HTML-5-Tutorial resource was developed for beginners. Itís definitely not the flashiest or most professional website youíll find online. But with that said, youíll still have access to tons of great content that will teach you the basics of HTML-5 in plain English.
Conclusion Your mobile app needs to be available on as many platforms as possible. But building separate apps for each platform can be an expensive and time-consuming path.
Thatís why you need to take advantage of as many cross-platform development tools as possible.
Find a tool that you can use to manage all of your development needs. There are certain tools and programming languages that are more specific than others. For example, some editors and IDEs are geared toward enterprises, internal business apps, or gaming apps used by android app development UK and World wide dev firms.
While other tools and languages are general purpose and have a much broader scope.
Regardless of your cross-platform development project, Iíd recommend keeping this guide available as a reference.
2. Mobile Development This one probably was unheard of 9 years ago, but today itís all the rage. Mobile Development could better be described as ďApp DevelopmentĒ and involves creating applications that run on mobile devices, such as iPhones, Android devices, and recently, the Windows 10 platform. Most popular OSís are built with their own programming languages but some traditional languages are being used as well. The versatility of mobile development allows anything from Candy Crush games, to console-like quality games in the palm of your hand. Games arenít the only thing to focus on either; there are all sorts of apps for pretty much anything, from the ordinary, like finding a restaurant for lunch or catching up with news, to the random, such as reminding you to drink water throughout the day, or morphing your photographed face into a zombie. What you need to know: Android, Swift (for iOS), Objective C, HTML5, Java, C# software development
3. Data Science Data is the new gold! Large data sets provide no value to anyone unless you know what to do with them. Thatís where data scientists come in Ė they are able to find value in data just as much as the everyday person finds value in gold. In order to pull out valuable actionable insights, data scientists need to mine through and manipulate loads of data using analytical approaches. Think crunching large data sets, potentially using some cluster-computing approach, and developing a scientific application based on the findings of your data. The applications of this are cooler than you think: itís actually what and how machines think. Machines need large amounts of data to ďlearnĒ from, in order to Ďmake their own decisionsí on given situations, and data science ensures this data is presented in the correct form to be used in AI applications. What you need to know: C/C++, MATLAB, Python
4. Application Development This is the ďoriginalĒ type of programming. These are Ďstandardí applications that perform their duties on traditional desktop operating systems, such as Windows, Mac, or Linux. Itís often considered a programme, executed on demand by the user, that opens its interface in the confines of the OS that itís running in. Application development is basically the process of creating a computer program or set of programs that can assist the daily functionalities of the user or business. What you need to know: Java, VB.NET, C/C++,C#, Python.
5. Back-end Development Back-end development is the work that goes on behind the scenes to make sure the front-end program churning away does so without bringing half your computer to a standstill. The back-end, or ďserver sideĒ, of a website is where the data is stored and it usually consists of three parts: a server, an application, and a database. Back-end developers need to understand databases, as well as server programming languages and architecture. If an application keeps crashing or is mind-numbingly slow or keeps throwing errors at you, itís likely to be a back-end issue. Finally, database management is a prime aspect of back-end development. Database management is the backbone of any system that holds large amounts of data. Think companiesí client database, such as Facebookís; one billion usersí details have to be organized somehow, and back-end developers make this their job. What you need to know: Python, Java, C and C++, (my)SQL, dBase and Oracle for databases
6. Software Tools Development Not used by most consumers, but critical in the software development industry, this type of development builds tools for other software developers to test their code with. Beyond simply testing, developing this software will ensure other developersí code conforms to industry standards and remains maintainable. Developing programs to (amongst other things) test other programs is no easy task, but tech giants like Microsoft and Google employ software devs by the bucketload to design applications for testing other projects on-the-go. What you need to know: Java, Python, C++
7. API Development API Development, or the development of Application Programming Interfaces, is the art of building something extensible. Developers build programs that act as puzzle pieces, across different operating systems, on desktop, mobile and the web. They allow 3rd-party developers to interact with the tools or functions the API relates to. API development is the laying of a foundation of standard procedures, types, tools, GUI interaction methods, and database access rules that programmers building other applications can use for that particular API. What you need to know: APIs are written for specific platforms or functions, and each API will have the programming language of the platform/device/site/service itís designed for
8. Embedded Systems Development With the rise of the ďInternet of ThingsĒ and just about everything but the kitchen sink being connected to the internet these days, embedded systems development has boomed. This type of software development deals with the coding skills needed for embedded systems like Raspberry Piís, Arduinos, Beaglebones, etc. The embedded software is specialized for the particular software that your machine or device runs on. What you need to know: Embedded C, Assembler, Python, Arduino (an embedded C derivative), Java
From left, the Arduino Uno, Raspberry Pi and Beaglebone Black, all use embedded development languages. (mcmelectronics.com)
9. Security Software Development Otherwise known as hacking. You may be asking yourself, ďIs that really a type of software development?Ē Certainly, and itís a critical field to be working on these days. Penetration testers (ďwhite-hatĒ ethical hackers) and cyber-security experts work together for the good of companies and their systems and data. The cyber-security team develops software to keep important company assets safe from theft, viruses and other malicious attacks.The pentester, or penetration tester, then tries to Ďhackí into the system to find where the vulnerabilities, or weak spots, are. This way, thereís less chance of your ďblack-hatĒ actual malicious hacker getting into your important data. What you need to know: the programming language relevant to the system that needs to be tested
10. Cloud Computing Whilst the traditional idea of local storage for files has stuck around in some parts of the world, the notion is slowly changing, and cloud computing services are becoming more prevalent. Cloud computing services use networks of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store and manage data rather than using a personal computer or local server. Developers involved in cloud computing software development develop the software that powers cloud storage applications, such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), OneDrive storage and GitHub. What you need to know: Java, XML, R, Erlang, Googleís Go!, Clojure and others
Weíve discussed 10 different types of software development in this piece, as well as what you need to know to be successful in each field. Software development is an increasingly lucrative and in-demand field, and getting your hands dirty in any of the above types of software development will offer promising career prospects in any good software development company UK or around the world. Interested in learning more about software development and whether itís the career for you?
The ever growing digital world has over 1.8 B web applications and 200 million active websites till date. Each day thousands of new websites are added in the world wide web to intensify the competition. Successful businesses and smart developers always look ahead for creative ways to adapt in this ever changing digital world. As latest trends emerge, new opportunities will arise. Staying on top of the latest web app development technologies could eventually help developers and businesses alike.
Every new year promises to bring modern innovations, new ideas, and new web development initiatives that is deserved; from current developments in artificial intelligence to machine learning, Blockchain and cryptocurrency influencing the global economy. In terms of software technology, everything is so unpredictable and variable.
From time to time, progress surprise and change our world. The digital revolution continues to define trends and seduce us with new technologies that will appeal to developers and programmers around the world. People are always excited about the most popular languages / frameworks, as well as the latest updates on web design and software applications.
To give you an idea, here are the top 13 web development trends in 2019 that will dominate the web industry:
1. Machine learning
Artificial intelligence and machine learning affects our daily activities on the Internet without even realizing it. This is the main point of machine learning: to provide enhanced experiences natively.
Machine learning is the ability of software to improve performance without the direct intervention of software developers. Basically, the software analyzes the incoming data, makes decisions, detects trends, and improves its work.
For example, Airbnb used machine learning in order to customize guest search results to enhance their chances of accepting their request. An automatic machine learning algorithm analyzes the acceptance decisions of each requests of hosts. On the basis of it, search results in lists that are more likely to be accepted have a higher rank. A/ B testing showed a 3.75% increment in conversion. As a result of this, all users of Airbnb are now treated according to this algorithm, which increases revenue and improves customer satisfaction.
A good example, isnít it? But, there is so much more on this! Image recognition and natural language activation can improve the user experience. Perception of the machine learning allows the computer to interpret the information and make informed decisions on the basis of this. Machine learning is widely used in web applications from different sectors, such as finance, health, education, agriculture, to name a few. This latest technology offers significant improvements that would be quite difficult to achieve without artificial intelligence.
Machine learning becomes an important part of any web service. It is important to integrate it in your web app development services! Analyze the behavior of visitors to your website and adjust their content.
Your visitors will never discover that you are using an algorithm, but their satisfaction will translate into increased engagement and conversion!
Machine learning can be your secret weapon to surpass your competitors!
While creating a web application, performance is generally compromised. JS limitations slow down heavy calculations, which affects user performance dramatically. That is why the most popular gaming applications and other heavy applications are only available as a native desktop application.
Now WebAssembly is here to change this scenario. This new format aims at performances similar to those of web applications. With the help of WebAssembly, the code of any programming language can be compiled into bytecode that runs in a browser.
The WebAssembly code is executed faster than JS. As a result of this, you can write the critical parts of the web applicationís performance with the most appropriate language (C/ C ++/ C #/ Rust/ Kotlin, etc.). Then, WebAssembly will take over the execution in the browser. Native mobile applications can be run immediately in the browser. This means access to more users while offering comparable performance on the web app without additional cost of development costs.
The major problem with WebAssembly is that some web browsers do not support it yet. However, that will be changed soon. Web applications are gaining immense strength with WebAssembly. This latest technology is really worth trying.
3. Voice search
At present, we are experiencing the beginning of the era of voice search. Each smartphone is already equipped with a digital voice assistant (Google Assistant for Android phones & Siri for iPhone). In addition to this, smart speakers with artificial intelligence are gaining immense popularity. Letís find out the reason for this transition to voice interfaces:
Ease of use Communication is something we do not have to learn. As a result, seniors and children can interact with voice interfaces without any learning curve.
Affordability Digital voice assistants are a common feature of smartphones. Smart speakers are not yet common, but a price tag starting from $ 50 is an excellent prerequisite for expansion.
Voice search is one of the major trends in e-commerce website development. However, it is also applicable to all website businesses. If you want your web application to be found in the search engines, optimize it for voice search as soon as possible.
4. Chat Bots
Chatbots are created using machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI). AI is widely used to imitate human intelligence and perform simple as well as complex functions like the ability to learn and analyze information, collect all the crucial data, understand emotions of humans, or to solve complex business challenges and problems. The need for
The need for chatbots in the web application will become widespread in the year 2020 and beyond. At present, we can easily see how chatbots, virtual assistants (like Amazon, Alexa, Microsoftís Cortana and Appleís Siri) and voicemail robots have helped small businesses as well as big enterprises to engage and transform social interactions.
Their evolution has allowed the omnichannel to build a digital customer experience and ensure consistency between chat, voice, messaging and web applications. You should definitely integrate chatbots and other AI features in your project while availing software development services.
5. Progressive Web Applications
Progressive Web applications also known as PWAs are among the hottest web app development trends in 2020 and beyond. These modern web applications load like regular web app pages that have a high level of functionality. Let us take the example of Whatsapp on your smartphone.
When there is no network, still you can open that application, check your past messages and even reply to the messages. When the phone gets the net connection, these messages are being sent in the background automatically.
This is what PWA promises to provide in web applications. It enables websites to load when there is no network, and it syncs in the background and seamlessly do different things while providing a native mobile app like experience for your users.
6. Single Page Applications
A single-page web application works inside a web browser and does not need the webpage reloading during the usage. You are using this type of web apps every day. These are, for instance: Google Maps, Gmail, Facebook or GitHub.
SPAs are all about serving an outstanding user experience by trying to imitate the ďnaturalĒ environment in web browser ó no extra wait time as there is no page reload. It is just one web page that is being visited by you which then loads all other content using JS ó which they heavily depend on.
It is a great choice when creating responsive websites, supporting mobile applications, tablets and desktops. The latest developments in single-page application are based on Angular and React frameworks that make it practical and suitable for hybrid mobile applications.
Read More: How Artificial Intelligence (AI) Will Impact Web Developers life in 2020?
7. Thriving Push Notifications
In the same way, as in mobile applications, a web app with push notifications can bring you to a large number of viewers. In addition to this, you can take advantage of it in the online marketing business. Push notifications are proving to be one of the most influential services in order to attract the attention of customers and visitors. Although, you must avoid using too much. They allow you to inform clients about attractive discounts, their beneficial activities and many more.
8. AMP prevails
Since Google has increased the importance of mobile-enabled websites, the method of designing responsive web applications has become a dominant method. It seems to be a promising trend in the web app design.
According to the February 2017 report of Adobe, Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP) accounts for 7% of all website traffic of the best publishers in the United States.
AMP is specifically designed to dramatically enhance the performance of website content and ads as you work on website user experience and speed. The fluid working method makes it a favourite among people. It promises a place and a reputation intact in the long run.
9. The Promising Concept of RAIL
The latest design concept Response Animation Idle Load (RAIL) should be in demand in the future. This concept is linked to a faster loading time (less than one second) and the exceptional performance of ant web applications.
The main benefit of this concept is it provides a convenient and pleasant user experience. According to Smashing Magazine, RAIL divides the user experience into actions of tapping, dragging, scrolling, etc., and sets performance goals with a useful structure for even better performance.
In a nutshell, the Response Animation Idle Load concept is valuable to a web designer following the user-centric method.
The blockchain technology is undeniably one of the best inventions of this digital era ó the masterpiece of a person known by the pseudonym, Satoshi Nakamoto. Since its invention, it has been evolved into something greater, and one of the main questions every single person is asking is: What is Blockchain?
Blockchain is a distributed and open registry known for its decentralized consensus, secure design, and modified resistance blocks. It is carefully designed to reduce the frequency of settlement of transactions, reduce financial costs, and improve cash flows backed up by transparent records/ data.
As a peer-to-peer network, this technology has a strict protocol for inter-node communication and a new validation process for block that has earned it the title of ďFirst and most trusted cryptosystem- global currency ď.
11. Browser Extensions
Google Chrome browser and its long list of extensions have become the favorites of most of the people. However, there are some people consider browser extensions to be harmful to their privacy. Some people do this because such extensions are able to read the online activities of their users with various permissions.
If you plan to adopt the most useful extension for your browser, do not forget the importance of protecting privacy. You can also hire best web app developers for customizing an extension as per your business needs.
12. Motion UI
A good web design is a necessary component of a successful website. These are crucial as it helps to design a good UI thereby providing them with a better UX. This, in turn, helps you to enhance your reach to more number of users because they can navigate easily on your web app. A good website comprises of different elements like fonts, colors, space, and icons. In the earlier days, the static design of the website was used but nowadays motion UI design is quite in trend. Motion UI design can help bring digital products to life.
It is a durable library that offers seamless transition effects on the UI. This is one of the fastest-growing libraries because it allows web app developers to animate content as easily as possible, even without a solid foundation in JS or jQuery library.
13. Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR)
Augmented reality (AR) and Virtual reality (VR) technologies look promising in the future due to their potential to change the way interactions occur among the websites. There are various well-known companies like Google, Samsung, and Microsoft are spending a lot of their revenue on these latest technologies.
You can immerse your users in the virtual world with the help of virtual reality technology. On the other hand, Augmented Reality (AR) shows the vision of a virtual world in this real-world while dramatically improving the user experience.
VR and AR have exceeded the limits of mobile applications. Their collective market is estimated to total about US $ 215 billion by the year 2021.
I hope you will be able to get the idea of emerging technologies for web app development. Now a days, more and mores oftware development companies are using these technologies to make the best out of their web app development project.
If you are a business and looking for web app development solutions, you should go for those companies which are implementing these technologies in their project. These technologies and trends will definitely make your web applications out of the box and you can stay ahead in this competition. Please let me know in the comment box about your views for this blog.
For those of you who want to build a mobile app for your business, you may have come across some different options during your preliminary research.
You realized that not all development methods are the same and you have a couple of different ways to approach development.
Hybrid vs. native.
Which one is better?
Well, youíve come to the right place.
As an industry expert who has built both types of mobile apps and helped other people do the same, I can give you the information that you need to decide for yourself.
The truth is, thereís not a black and white answer here.
Since everyone has a unique situation, youíll have to decide for yourself.
First, letís me explain exactly what these two different terms mean.
Native apps are developed for a specific operating system.
Therefore, they follow certain guidelines that ultimately enhance the user experience.
People who use the app can typically navigate through the app faster.
Itís also easier for native apps to access some of the built in components of the userís device, such as the camera, GPS, or contacts list.
They can work on multiple platforms since they are written using just one programming language.
So before you start building your app, youíll have to decide which one of these two routes youíre going to take.
Itís an important decision that can impact how consumers react to their experience using your app.
Hybrid apps have been around for a while.
But only recent technology has allowed them to advance from both the developer and user perspectives.
Iíll go into some greater detail about both types of apps to help you make an educated decision.
Drawbacks of native apps So earlier I briefly discussed some of the positive aspects of developing a native app.
With that in mind, there are definitely some drawbacks of going this route as well.
Here are some of the negative associations with native apps.
Only work on one operating system
When youíre building a native app, you have to decide which operating system youíre going to launch on.
You can develop an Android app for the Google Play Store or build an iOS app for the Apple App Store.
So if you want to launch a native app on both platforms, youíll have to develop the entire thing twice.
Youíll have to start from scratch with coding and development if you plan to launch on the Android platform after building an iOS app.
With all of the time, effort, and money involved with app development Ė it can end up taking years for you to get your native app launched and functioning on both platforms.
Itís a tough way to get a fast return on your significant investment that way, but weíll talk more about the costs associated with development later.
If youíre forced to make a decision between the two platforms, it could make or break the success of your app.
There are distinct differences in the demographic characteristics between iOS and Android users.
Launching on a platform that doesnít speak to your target audience can drastically impact your customer acquisition cost.
If that number is too high, it could put your company in jeopardy of going out of business.
To minimize that risk, youíll have to do extensive marketing research to figure out which operating system is better for your brandís image.
Itís not a simple process.
Takes a long time to code
Thereís only one way to build native apps.
Do you know how to write code for mobile apps?
Most people donít.
So youíve got some different options to consider here as well.
You can take the time and learn how to code yourself.
How hard can it be, right?
While I admire your ambition, I wouldnít suggest this route.
Itís not rocket science, but itís not easy either.
Learning this new skill will take a long time and then actually writing the code will take even longer.
Plus if you learn the basics of coding and want to develop the app yourself, itís going to be pretty limited and definitely have some bugs and glitches.
Trust me Ė I know from experience.
So if youíre not going to code the app yourself, youíll need to hire someone to do it for you.
But thatís not an overnight process.
Whether you hire a freelance developer, small development shop, or large mobile/ android app development UK company, the code will take them a long time to write as well.
Hereís an example from the Codementor.
Based on their estimations, it could take up to 985 hours to write code for an app thatís similar to Instagram.
Assuming the person or company you hire spends 8 hours a day for 5 days a week working on this (which they wonít, because they have other projects to do as well), it would take about 25 weeks to finish.
This estimation doesnít include any administrative dashboard features or UI/UX designs, which would bring the total estimated time up to 1220 hours.
Thatís over 30 weeks to develop.
Again, thatís assuming your developer works solely on your app during the entire duration of their work week, which is highly unlikely.
In reality, this would probably take closer to a year to get built.
And thatís just on one platform.
This is definitely not an ideal scenario for everyone.
This timeline can obviously vary based on the complexity of your app design, which means it could take even longer to code.
Require complicated maintenance
Launching an app isnít over once development is finished.
Youíve got to maintain the app to keep it functional and give users an optimal experience.
As we saw in that graphic earlier, negative experiences with an appís performance can cause nearly half of users to use the app less frequently and 34% of people to switch to another app completely.
So you canít neglect regular app maintenance.
The problem with this maintenance is that itís not easy, especially if you have a more complicated app.
We just talked about how long it takes to code an app, well how do you think changes get made?
So this takes even more time if the code is complex.
It will leave your app more vulnerable to glitches that last longer because they canít get found and fixed right away.
Take a look at how much it will cost you to perform maintenance on your native app in just the first year, on average.
So the burden of dumping money into your app isnít over after development either.
Almost 20% of native apps cost over $25,000 in maintenance in the first year of the launch date.
Numbers that high canít be ignored.
The reason for this is because of the complexity involved in the process.
Complicated and specialized code languages
Letís piggyback off of our last couple points.
Building a native app also requires you to learn specialized code languages.
What do I mean by this?
Basically, the majority of the terms youíre going to hear throughout the process are words and phrases that youíve never heard before Ė unless youíre an experienced developer.
This complicates things even more.
It creates a language barrier between the developer and the client (you).
There ends up being a learning curve for you to even be able to communicate your wants and needs to the developer.
This also goes back to what I was saying earlier about learning how to code the app yourself.
Youíve got to add a new arsenal of terms to your vocabulary before you get started.
If you look back at everything we just talked about regarding the pitfalls of native apps, they are all leading towards one common denominator.
And lots of it.
Building a native app is expensive.
Thereís really no other way to put it.
If youíre hiring a developer in North America, you can expect to pay around $150 per hour for their services.
Thatís $150 per hour for what could be over a year of development.
Plus, we just saw that regular maintenance of your app could cost up to an additional $25,000 per year.
While major corporations may be able to afford this, these figures just arenít reasonable for most people and small businesses.
Furthermore, these numbers are limited to just one operating system.
So you can expect to pay even more than that if youíre planning to develop, launch, and maintain an app on both the Google Play Store and Apple App Store.
If you thought that building your first app on the iOS platform was expensive, just wait until you go through the Android process.
Android apps cost about 30% more to develop than iOS apps.
That doesnít mean you can just ignore the Android software because of the price.
While the split between Android and iOS mobile users in the United States is relatively even, Android dominates the global market share, owning about 80% to 90% of users.
So if youíre planning to develop a native app, you can expect to pay big bucks.
Benefits of Hybrid apps While hybrid apps arenít perfect, there is plenty of upside to developing an app this way.
Hybrid apps shine in the areas where we saw some pitfalls with native app development.
Here are some more details about this method.
Work on every operating system
Unlike its native counterparts, hybrid apps work on both iOS and Android operating systems.
Which means you wonít have to build the same app twice if you want your app to be available on both the Apple App Store and Google Play Store.
This is huge.
We just finished discussing the importance of being on both platforms.
Now you can reach users with different demographics from all over the world.
You wonít have to worry about the marketing nightmare of trying to figure out which operating system to develop first based on your target audience.
Both can get launched simultaneously.
This is essential for your companyís brand awareness strategy.
Ultimately, your availability on both platforms will make it easy for your app to grow and prosper.
Youíll get more downloads, which can translate to an increase in revenue.
Those downloads will also help get you more ratings and reviews on each respective app store, which all impact your search ranking.
Itís a cycle.
The higher your search ranking, the more downloads youíll get.
Quick to code, build, and test
Developing a hybrid app can get done in just a fraction of the time it takes to build a native app.
Thatís because the coding isnít complicated and itís completely web based.
You donít even need to learn how to code if you want to build a hybrid app on your own.
The hybrid building process is so easy that one person can do it.
Rather than learning how to code, you just need some practice getting acclimated to the platform youíre using to the build the app.
Hybrid apps are also ideal in terms of testing different versions of your app.
Because thereís no complicated coding involved, you can easily change design elements and get beta testers to see which components enhance the user experience.
Worst case scenario is that you find our your app isnít great based on the beta testing feedback.
But you didnít have to spend too much time or money on this, so itís not the end of the world.
You can just make adjustments and move on.
Easy to make design changes and updates
Earlier I explained how coding makes it difficult for native app developers to make changes and updates.
Well, itís the complete opposite with hybrid apps.
Since everything is on the same platform, you wonít have to do things twice for each operating system whenever you want to make changes.
This also benefits the user.
Letís say an app has a glitch, bug, or needs some kind of enhancement.
This happens more often than you might think.
If itís a native app, the user wonít see the changes unless they update the newest version via the app store.
So if the user isnít someone who regularly updates the apps on their device, theyíll continue to experience problems and wonít have the newest version of your app unless they manually download it.
This can cause customer satisfaction problems and negatively impact your bottom line.
None of this will happen when you make updates with a hybrid app.
If you make an update on a page that gets loaded from a server, the user will get the update as soon as open and connect to your app on their device.
This holds true for phones and tablets on both iOS and Android platforms.
Everyone already knows the coding languages
You wonít need to use an IT dictionary to understand the basic concepts of building a hybrid app.
Since youíre not doing any complicated coding, everything is laid out in terms that you can understand.
This makes it easier for the average person without a technical background to build a hybrid app.
Hereís what I mean.
Letís take a look at one of the first steps youíll go through if youíre building a hybrid app on the BuildFire platform.
Is there anything on here that you donít understand?
All of the steps are in clear English with common terminology.
Just follow the simple instructions on the screen to proceed and watch your app get built in real time.
You can work within a pre-designed template and make any customized changes, so your app is unique.
That way the final product will look exactly the way you imaged it.
You can build a hybrid app for just a fraction of the cost of a native app.
Itís not necessary to hire an expensive developer to write your code.
Hybrid apps can be built by you or someone else on your staff.
Remember the average cost to develop a native app in North America that we saw earlier?
Let me refresh your memory.
It was $150 per hour.
The cost to develop a hybrid app through a platform like BuildFire starts at just $59 per month.
I think itís safe to say that this is a much more reasonable and realistic figure for you.
At the bare minimum, itís at least worth a try.
Itís not like itís an investment thatís going to tie up all of your companyís capital.
Whatís best for you? At the end of the day, the decision is completely yours.
I canít decide what the best choice is for your company.
There are definitely some positive aspects of developing a native app.
But with that said, there are just so many pitfalls that come with it.
Native apps only work on one operating system, so youíre forced to choose between iOS and Android.
Sure, you can develop one of each.
But the cost of one is pricey enough. Imagine the financial burden of going through that twice.
Unlike native apps, hybrid development is much quicker.
Thereís no complicated coding process or complex languages to learn.
Itís easier to identify, modify, and install updates as well.
Users can see these updates without having to download the newest version of your app on their devices. I hope this helps.
Software, a term coined out of prank and wasnít seen in print until the 1960s, has pervaded our society that we donít even notice it anymore. Back then, what it entailed was alien to Ďearthlingsí until 1955 when companies like Computer Usage Company decided to offer software products and services.
Thanks to innovation and the Ďtech bugí that bit the world, the industry rapidly expanded in the 1970s and has now become a mammoth industry grossing over US $407.3 billion in 2013.
Today, practically anything built that uses electricity has software, either embedded in a gadget to make it ďintelligent,Ē or installed like programs in mobile devices and computers.
The process to build software includes identifying a need, designing the program, and testing it for issues. These are the basic tasks performed by software development companies. While some may focus on a particular aspect of software production (like front end or back end design), others take on general software projects. Hereís a look into activities that go on in software development agencies:
They produce useful programs. A software product is a program, or a collection of programs, that does something which may be of use to potential customers. A software company often produces multiple products which perform complimentary fuctions. They are termed Ďcompanion productsí, and together they form a suite.
They create digital solutions to problems. Although the processes and techniques may not be similar, in the end, most companies strive to create solutions for their consumers. These solutions may be full-scale software for the general populace or custom-made ones that fit the particular needs of businesses and industries.
They build corporate systems and design websites. Software companies design websites and even develop apps for different types of operating systems.
Some software agencies build corporate web-based systems to help enterprises automate processes, increase productivity, and facilitate workflow management.
They provide technical insights. Many digital agencies offer advice to clients on software packages that help withbusiness development and customer relationship management.
They supply business intelligence Most software agencies have a broad expertise in supplying companies with data, analytical reports, dashboards, Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) solutions and other data science services.
How to tell if a software company knows its onions. When it comes selecting excellent software companies, whether to employ their services or just for the knowledge of it, popular names or brands do not necessarily count. Here's a couple of nuggets to tell a software development company UK and throughout the world knows that what is the best for your company:
A good software development company primarily aims to please its clients and it tailors its work culture towards achieving this. It carries its clients along by communicating and integrating them in the development process. A skilled software development team creates unique, efficient software that meets your specific demands and fits into your business seamlessly. A great software company provides solutions that bring real value. We are dedicated to meeting your needs through our team of highly-skilled developers, creative project managers, and top-notch technology. Weíre devoted to enabling vital and continuous improvements for your business. With our considerable experience in the IT industry, we encourage our clients to open their businesses to new opportunities and bring dreams to life. Software companies exist to solve problems and help lives, and this is our utmost priority.
Web application development gives less time because the overall code can be simultaneously developed by different developers on the backend frontend.
The software development process is divided into 5 steps so that requirements mismatching, work redoing can be eliminated and overall code quality can be improved.
Web Application Development Process 1. Product Management Market research has to be done before the Web app (Web applications) development or standalone software application development as a product comes under product management. Product managers job responsibility is to find the answers of Why, when and what with respect to Market Competency Strategy, Roadmap, Marketing and Release of products.
A. Market Competency Strategy Through research about the demand for a product and features that need to be embedded in the Web apps (Web applications) or standalone software application.
Planning web application development to be a market competitive in terms of cost.
Making web application or standalone software application better in terms of performance, features, UI UX and cost.
B. Roadmap Planning phases of research, development, marketing strategies with timings to create a balance between investment, earnings and marketing expenditure on Web app (Web applications) and software applications.
Predicting and estimating projection of growth in the number of users and revenue over a period of time.
How and when to hit the market to make the Web app (Web applications) development based product maximum profitable venture.
2. Business Analysis The biggest problem in Web apps (Web applications) and software development of a product faces is the mismatching of requirements for development in the eyes of stakeholders, product development and software development team. Due to this mismatching in requirements, the development team has to often redo the work which incurs losses on Web app (Web applications) development company and delays the product delivery for the client. To eliminate this confusion, speed up the development process and improve code quality with rigorous testing procedures of Web apps (Web applications) software development methodologies were implemented.
Business analysis is the job of IT business analysts they are the ones who bridge the gap between stakeholders, product development, Web app (Web applications) development and software development teams. Business analysts make sure whatever features client is demanding for their Web apps (Web applications) or software are possible to develop and shall be feasible to deliver within time bounds and clientís budget. If the demanded features are not feasible to develop under the pre-mentioned criteriaís then business analysts shall be able to suggest an alternative solution.
3. Research Technical Research for Web apps (Web applications) development and software development is initiated during the business analysis process but most of the research is done after mapping initial requirements of the project.
Research phase of Web app (Web application) development includes finding suitable front end and back end development frameworks.
How the project architecture will be designed to eliminate the possibility of critical issues that may occur later in the web development process.
How the data will be handled through APIs in Web apps (Web applications)?
4. Software Architecture Design Software architecture design of Web apps (Web applications) and other software is initially decided and done by project managers and software architects after understanding project requirements and a thorough discussion with designers as well as developers. Software architecture design is finalized after the designing phase is completed because if a client asks to change something or finalized Web app (Web application) design is not compliant with previously designed software architecture then it is modified by developers on getting approval from a software architect.
5. Development Development phase for creating Web apps (Web applications) is broken down into three parts to eliminate erroneous procedures and to fasten up the web development process.
Front end Web app (Web application) development tech stack
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
C. Back End Development Back end web development includes managing services on the back end, database handling, session management, creating security for web applications, API development,
Back end Web apps (Web applications) development tech stack
Below are the common Server Side Scripting technologies:
PHP (very common Server Side Scripting language - Linux / Unix based Open Source - free redistribution, usually combines with MySQL database)
Zend Framework (PHP's Object Oriented Web Application Framework)
ASP (Microsoft Web Server (IIS) Scripting language)
ASP.NET (Microsoft's Web Application Framework - a successor of ASP)
ColdFusion (Adobe's Web Application Framework)
Ruby on Rails (Ruby programming's Web Application Framework - free redistribution)
Perl (general-purpose high-level programming language and Server Side Scripting Language - free redistribution - lost its popularity to PHP)
Python (general-purpose high-level programming language and Server Side Scripting language - free redistribution)
6. Testing Software testing is an inevitable part of Web app (Web applications) development and software development because every software application has some bugs even after it is fully developed. Regressive testing procedures make sure that developed application is bug-free to the maximum extent and it can handle an exceptionally larger number of users. Software testing of web apps can be done from dozens of perspectives but all of them can be categorized into two following categories:
A. Automated Testing Automated testing is trending in the software industry as it is easy to artificially create worst-case scenarios with automated testing tools where web apps can crash. Unit testing, Integration testing, load testing, performance testing, stress testing, regression testing and a lot more come under automated testing. Automated testing tools like selenium & cucumber are available in abundance in the market.
B. Manual Testing All the types of testing done in automated testing can be done manually but it will take the enormous time thatís why automated testing is adopted. Manual testing has not vanished even after the rise of automation testing because alpha testing, beta testing, user acceptance testing and a lot more require human intervention because the passing criteria are human perception. End users should like it, the client should like it and it should be developer friendly in case the client decided to scale up the Web app (Web application).
According to IBM Research: ďSoftware development refers to a set of computer science activities dedicated to the process of creating, designing, deploying and supporting software.Ē
Software itself is the set of instructions or programs that tell a computer what to do. It is independent of hardware and makes computers programmable. There are three basic types:
System software to provide core functions such as operating systems, disk management, utilities, hardware management and other operational necessities.
Programming software to give programmers tools such as text editors, compilers, linkers, debuggers and other tools to create code.
Application software (applications or apps) to help users perform tasks. Office productivity suites, data management software, media players and security programs are examples. Applications also refers to web and mobile applications like those used to shop on Amazon.com, socialize with Facebook or post pictures to Instagram.1
A possible fourth type is embedded software. Embedded systems software is used to control machines and devices not typically considered computers ó telecommunications networks, cars, industrial robots and more. These devices, and their software, can be connected as part of the Internet of Things (IoT).2
Software development is primarily conducted by programmers, software engineers and software developers. These roles interact and overlap, and the dynamics between them vary greatly across development departments and communities.
Programmers, or coders, write source code to program computers for specific tasks like merging databases, processing online orders, routing communications, conducting searches or displaying text and graphics. Programmers typically interpret instructions from software developers and engineers and use programming languages like C++ or Java to carry them out.
Software engineers apply engineering principles to build software and systems to solve problems. They use modeling language and other tools to devise solutions that can often be applied to problems in a general way, as opposed to merely solving for a specific instance or client. Software engineering solutions adhere to the scientific method and must work in the real world, as with bridges or elevators.
Software developers have a less formal role than engineers and can be closely involved with specific project areas ó including writing code. At the same time, they drive the overall software development lifecycle ó including working across functional teams to transform requirements into features, managing development teams and processes, and conducting software testing and maintenance.3
The work of software development isnít confined to coders or development teams. Professionals such as scientists, device fabricators and hardware makers also create software code even though they are not primarily software developers. Nor is it confined to traditional information technology industries such as software or semiconductor businesses. In fact, according to the Brookings Institute, those businesses ďaccount for less than half of the companies performing software development.Ē
An important distinction is custom software development as opposed to commercial software development. Custom software development is the process of designing, creating, deploying and maintaining software for a specific set of users, functions or organizations (for e.g see: software development company uk). In contrast, commercial off-the-shelf software (COTS) is designed for a broad set of requirements, allowing it to be packaged and commercially marketed and distributed.
Steps in the software development process eveloping software typically involves the following steps:
Selecting a methodology to establish a framework in which the steps of software development are applied. It describes an overall work process or roadmap for the project. Methodologies can include Agile development, DevOps, Rapid Application Development (RAD), Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe), Waterfall and others. (See the glossary.) Gathering requirements to understand and document what is required by users and other stakeholders. Choosing or building an architecture as the underlying structure within which the software will operate. Developing a design around solutions to the problems presented by requirements, often involving process models and storyboards. Constructing code in the appropriate programming language. Involves peer and team review to eliminate problems early and produce quality software faster. Testing with pre-planned scenarios as part of software design and coding ó and conducting performance testing to simulate load testing on the applicatio. Managing configuration and defects to understand all the software artifacts (requirements, design, code, test) and build distinct versions of the software. Establish quality assurance priorities and release criteria to address and track defects. Deploying the software for use and responding to and resolving user problems. Migrating data to the new or updated software from existing applications or data sources if necessary. Managing and measuring the project to maintain quality and delivery over the application lifecycle, and to evaluate the development process with models such as the Capability Maturity Model (CMM). The steps of the software development process fit into application lifecycle management.
Requirements analysis and specification Design and development Testing Deployment Maintenance and support Software development process steps can be grouped into the phases of the lifecycle, but the importance of the lifecycle is that it recycles to enable continuous improvement. For example, user issues that surface in the maintenance and support phase can become requirements at the beginning of the next cycle.
Why is software development important? Software development is important because it helps businesses differentiate themselves and be more competitive. It can improve customer experiences, bring more innovative, feature-rich products to market faster, and make operations more efficient, safe and productive.
Software development is also important because it is pervasive. As IBM vice president and blogger Dibbe Edwards points out: ďSoftware has emerged as a key differentiator in many products ó from cars to washing machines to thermostats ó with a growing Internet of Things connecting them.Ē
A few examples:
Soul Machines uses software to create artificial online advisors that improve customer service and efficiency. The advisors have human faces, expressions and voices that react intelligently, empathetically and efficiently to customer questions and needs. They can answer over 40 percent of customer inquiries without human intervention ó and they learn from their interactions to improve over time. Using IBM Watson Assistant to incorporate artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities into the development process, Soul Machines can create and roll out an artificial advisor in about 8 to 12 weeks. ďThis is a race,Ē says Erik Bak-Mikkelsen. ďWe have to keep up with whatís happening in the market.Ē Bak-Mikkelsen is head of cloud operations at car2go. He understands that delivering new features and functions to car2goís ride-sharing apps and vehicles is key to getting and staying ahead. To do so, car2go moved its development operations to a managed-services cloud and adopted a DevOps development model. The result is accelerated development cycles, faster time to market and the capability to scale for future growth. Working with electrical power lines can be deadly. To stay safe engineers set electrical ďlockoutsĒ using physical tags and padlocks to divert power from work locations. French energy company Enedis worked with IBM Garage for Cloud to develop software that instruments these locks and tags and ties them into a shared network. Tags and locks detect each time they are removed from an engineerís van and communicate the time and geo-location. As the engineer attaches the locks, their location is recorded on a digital map. All stakeholders share a view of the map to ensure safety, reduce downtime and facilitate repairs. The IBM Cloud Garage collaborative development approach enabled Enedis to develop field-ready prototypes in three months. Key features of effective software development Using software development as a way to differentiate brands and gain competitive advantage, requires proficiency with the techniques and technologies that can accelerate software deployment, quality and efficacy.
Artificial intelligence (AI) Ė AI enables software to emulate human decision-making and learning. Neural networks, machine learning, natural language processing and cognitive capabilities present developers and businesses with the opportunity to offer products and services that disrupt marketplaces and leap ahead of the competition. IBM Watson offers developers a way to connect with and use artificial intelligence services as part of their applications through application programming interfaces or APIs. Cloud-native development Ė Cloud-native development is a way of building applications to exploit cloud environments. A cloud-native application consists of discrete, reusable components known as microservices that are designed to integrate into any cloud environment. These microservices act as building blocks and are often packaged in containers. Because of this architecture, cloud-native applications can use cloud environments to improve application performance, flexibility and extensibility. Cloud-based development Ė Just as IT organizations look to the cloud to improve resource management and cut costs, so do software development organizations. In this way, the cloud can be used as a fast, flexible and cost-efficient integrated development environment (IDE) or development Platform as a Service (PaaS). Cloud-based development environments can support coding, design, integration, testing and other development functions. They can also offer access to APIs, microservices, DevOps and other development tools, services and expertise. Blockchain Ė Blockchain is a secure, digitally linked ledger that eliminates cost and vulnerability introduced by parties like banks, regulatory bodies and other intermediaries. It is transforming businesses by freeing capital, accelerating processes, lowering transaction costs and more. Blockchain presents a tremendous opportunity for software development. Developers are working with distributed ledgers and open source Hyperledger technology to change how businesses operate. Low code Ė Forrester defines low code as: ďProducts and/or cloud services for application development that employ visual, declarative techniques instead of programming and are available to customers at low- or no-cost in money and training ...Ē4 In short, itís a development practice that reduces the need for coding and enables non-coders or citizen developers to build or help build applications quickly and at lower cost. Analytics Ė Annual demand for data scientists, data developers, and data engineers will reach nearly 700,000 openings by 2020. The demand signifies how critical it is for companies to gain insight and value from the explosion of data. Accordingly, software developers are integrating advanced analytics capabilities into their applications. Cloud-based services and APIs make it simpler to guide data exploration, automate predictive analytics and create dashboards that deliver new insights and improve decision making. Mobile Ė Fifty-four percent of global executives believe that customer buying behavior has shifted from products and services to experiences. Many of these experiences occur in mobile environments. A key capability for software developers is creating mobile apps with deep connections to data that enriches and elevates user experiences. Forrester has found that ďdeeply integrating digital/mobile customer data has a strong effect on how customers interact with brands.Ē Content Source: https://www.ibm.com/topics/software-development
There is a common misconception that native mobile apps and web apps are the same thing ó but actually, the two are very different.
Not only are there differences for the user; they are also developed and deployed differently, so itís important not to get the two confused.
First though, it can be useful to distinguish between web apps and websites. Simply put, a web app is a website that is designed fluidly, responding to being viewed on a smartphone. There are many different types of websites out there, some are static and rarely updated, while others are responsive and have a great deal of interactivity. Web apps, specifically, function like downloadable apps, but all from the comfort of your phoneís browser.
But what is the difference between a mobile app and a web app? Letís take a look.
Mobile apps vs. web apps Native mobile apps are built for a specific platform, such as iOS for the Apple iPhone or Android for a Samsung device. They are downloaded and installed via an app store and have access to system resources, such as GPS and the camera function. Mobile apps live and run on the device itself. Snapchat, Instagram, Google Maps and Facebook Messenger are some examples of popular mobile apps.
Web apps, on the other hand, are accessed via the internet browser and will adapt to whichever device youíre viewing them on. They are not native to a particular system, and donít need to be downloaded or installed. Due to their responsive nature, they do indeed look and function a lot like mobile apps ó and this is where the confusion arises.
Letís consider the Yelp native app vs. the Yelp.com web app. If you install the Yelp app on your mobile and then access Yelp.com via the browser on your phone, youíll notice that the web app has been made to look and feel like the native mobile app: it turns your browser bar red, and when you scroll down, locks the search bar in place.
While the designs are similar and follow the same fonts and colour scheme, these are essentially two different products.
Web apps need an active internet connection in order to run, whereas mobile apps may work offline. Mobile apps have the advantage of being faster and more efficient, but they do require the user to regularly download updates. Web apps will update themselves.
Above all, mobile apps and web apps are designed and built very differently. To further differentiate between the two, it helps to understand how each is developed.
How are mobile apps built? Mobile apps are more expensive to develop than web apps, and because they are platform-specific, launching an app across different platforms pretty much means starting from scratch in terms of design and web application development. However, they are much faster, and tend to be more advanced in terms of features and functionality.
Native mobile apps are built using specific languages and Integrated Development Environments (IDE) depending on the intended platform. Apple devices run on the iOS native operating system, so Apple apps are built using either Objective-C or Swift, and the Xcode IDE. Native apps for Android are written in Java and are commonly built using the Android Studio or Eclipse IDE.
Apple and Google also provide their own development tools, interface elements and software development kits (SDK) which developers can use to build native mobile apps.
Progressive web apps: the best of both? In light of recent web development trends, itís also worth being aware of progressive web apps. While standard web apps lack some of the functionality that mobile apps can offer, progressive web apps fall somewhere in between.
Unlike standard web apps (and more like native mobile apps), progressive web apps are able to work offline, and load extremely quickly. This is primarily down to advancements in the sophistication of the modern browser: thanks to the Application Cache feature, websites can now store large volumes of data offline. Progressive web apps can therefore be used without an internet connection, giving them some typical native mobile app functionalities such as push notifications, native video and audio capture, and native video playback.
Just like standard web apps, progressive web apps donít require download or installation. In many ways, they seem to offer the best of both worlds. As Alex Russell, who invented the term, describes them: PWAs are ďresponsive, connectivity-independent, app-like, fresh, safe, discoverable, re-engageable, installable, linkable web experiences.Ē
Mobile apps vs. web apps: The pros and cons Now we know the fundamental differences between mobile and web apps, we can recap the pros and cons of each:
Native mobile apps Pros:
Faster than web apps Greater functionality as they have access to system resources Can work offline Safe and secure ó native apps must first be approved by the app store Easier to build due to the availability of developer tools, interface elements and SDKs Cons:
More expensive to build than web apps Compatibility with different platforms (i.e. iOS and Android) usually means designing and building the app from scratch Expensive to maintain and update It may prove difficult to get a native app approved by the app store Web apps
Do not need to be downloaded or installed ó web apps function in-browser Easy to maintain ó they have a common codebase regardless of mobile platform Will update themselves Quicker and easier to build than mobile apps Do not require app store approval, so can be launched quickly Cons:
Do not work offline Slower than mobile apps, and less advanced in terms of features May not be as discoverable as mobile apps as they are not listed in a specific database, such as the app store Quality and security is not always guaranteed ó web apps donít need to be approved by the app store So now you know the difference between native mobile apps and web apps.
Want to start a drop shipping business? Here's how.
Drop shipping is an extremely popular business model for new entrepreneurs, especially gen Zers and millennials, due to internet marketing skills far outweighing financial capacity. Since you donít need to stock or handle the items you are selling, itís possible to start a drop shipping business with limited funds.
An ecommerce website that operates a drop shipping model purchases the items it sells from a third-party supplier or manufacturer, who then fulfills the order. This not only cuts operational costs, but it also frees up your time to focus all of your efforts on customer acquisition.
If you are ready to start a business that can compete with retail giants, and do so on a limited budget, then follow the six steps below. While it doesnít take a lot of startup funds to launch a drop shipping business, it will require an immense amount of hard work.
1. Select a niche.
The niche you select needs to be laser-focused and something you are genuinely interested in. A product range that isnít focused will be difficult to market. If you arenít passionate about the niche you select, you will be more apt to becoming discouraged, because it takes a lot of work to successfully scale a drop shipping business. Here are some points to consider when selecting your niche:
Seek attractive profits. When you are running a drop shipping business model, your focus is on marketing and customer acquisition, so the amount of work required to sell a $20 item is essentially the same as it would be to sell a $1,500 item. Select a niche with higher-priced products.
Low shipping costs are very important. Even though your supplier or manufacturer will handle the shipping, if the cost is too high, it will act as customer repellant. Find something that is inexpensive to ship, as this also gives you the option of offering free shipping to your customers and absorbing that cost as a business expense in order to attract more sales.
Make sure your product appeals to impulse buyers with disposable income. When you are focused on driving traffic to your website, you want to experience the highest conversion rate possible because most visitors will never return. The products you are selling should trigger impulse buys and appeal to those with the financial ability to make a purchase on the spot.
Make sure people are actively searching for your product. Use Googleís Keyword Planner and Trends to check some common search terms related to your potential niche. If nobody is searching for what you are planning on selling, you are dead in the water before you even begin.
Create your own brand. Your drop shipping business will have more value if you can rebrand whatever it is you are selling and pass it off as your own. Look for a product or line you can white label and sell as your own brand with custom packaging and branding.
Sell something that isnít readily available locally. Pick something your customer canít find down the street. That way, you become more attractive to a potential customer.
2. Perform competition research.
Remember, you will be competing with other drop shipping operations as well as retail giants such as Walmart and Amazon. This is where a lot of potential drop shippers go wrong, because they look for a product that has little to no competition. Thatís a sign there isnít demand for that particular product.
There are many reasons why a product might not have a lot of competition, including high shipping costs, supplier and manufacturing issues or poor profit margins. Look for products that have competition, as itís a sign that there is a high demand and the business model is sustainable.
3. Secure a supplier.
Partnering with the wrong supplier can ruin your business, so itís important that you donít rush this step. Conduct proper due diligence. Most drop shipping suppliers are located overseas, making communication extremely important, both in terms of response speed and the ability to understand each other. If you are not 100 percent confident in the communication abilities of a potential supplier, move on and continue your search.
Alibaba has become one of the largest online resources to identify and communicate with potential manufacturers and suppliers. Make sure to ask a lot of questions and learn what their production capabilities are in the event that your business grows exponentially. You want to be certain they have the ability to scale with you.
Try to learn from other entrepreneurs who have walked this path in the past. There are plenty of information sources available online. Itís a popular topic that can help you avoid costly supplier mistakes.
4. Build your ecommerce website.
The fastest way to launch a website that supports a drop shipping business model is to use development services od any good web application development company to create a custom solution, itís a much wiser move, especially in the beginning. Once you are established and the revenue is coming in, then you can explore additional website customization to take your business to the next level.
5. Create a customer acquisition plan.
Having a great product and a website is great, but without customers looking to buy, you donít have a business. There are several ways to attract potential customers, but the most effective option is to start with Facebook Add Campaign.
This allows you to generate sales and revenue right from the start, which can contribute to quick scaling. Facebook allows you to place your offer directly in front of a highly targeted audience. This gives you the ability to compete with the largest brands and retailers immediately.
You also have to think long term, so search engine optimization and email marketing should also be a focus. Collect emails from the start and set up automated email sequences that offer discounts and special offers. Itís an easy way to leverage your existing customer base and generate revenue without additional advertising and marketing spend.
6. Analyze and optimize.
You need to track all of the data and metrics available to grow your business. This includes Google Analytics traffic and Facebook conversion pixel data, if that is your main customer acquisition channel. When you are able to track every single conversion -- to know where the customer originated from and what path they took on your website that eventually led to a sale -- it enables you to scale what works and eliminate what doesnít.
You will never have a set-and-forget advertising or marketing solution. You need to constantly test new opportunities and fine-tune current campaigns, which allows you to know when to optimize or shift campaign spend.
Nobody is perfect. App developers and mobile app resellers are no exception to this rule. Throughout my years overseeing the app development process, Iíve seen first-hand about almost all mobile app development mistakes under the sun.
Some of these developer mistakes are more significant than others. Whether it costs you time, money, or both, these errors can be frustrating.
But for those of you who are just getting started with app development, whether it be as a reseller or business owner, you have a huge advantage here.
Iím sure youíve been told to follow the path of those who succeeded before you. Well, you can also avoid the path of people who failed before you; learn from their mistakes.
Nobody intends to make a mistake during the app development process. 99% of the mistakes Iíve seen on a daily basis could have easily been avoided if the developer knew about them ahead of time. Thatís what inspired me to write this guide.
Before you start a new development project, you need to review these common 11 mobile app mistakes. By avoiding app development mistakes, youíll endure less frustration and increase your chances of building a successful app.
Mistake #1: Neglecting Research and Due Diligence Overseeing app development has taught me that people are impatient by nature. They want to dive in and start creating immediately, without taking the proper steps ahead of time.
If this sounds like you, I admire your enthusiasm. But you need to slow down and conduct your due diligence before you proceed.
Taking the time to find the best platform and solution for app development now will save you months or even years of frustration down the road. The app creation tool you choose can make or break the success of your project, so donít rush this decision.
There are so many different ways to build an app:
Coding on your own. Using an app creator on your own without coding. Hiring an agency. Working with a freelancer. Becoming a white label reseller. The list goes on and on. Plus, there are different subsections within each option. For example, there are small local agencies, large international agencies, and everything in between.
You canít make this decision in ten minutes while browsing the web at a local coffee shop. It takes time to find the perfect app development solution for your needs.
This process can be compared to buying a car. You donít just show up to the dealership one day on a whim and leave with a car an hour later. Youíll read consumer reports, customer reviews, take test drives, and shop around different dealerships.
This is the only way to truly find the best development platform for your reseller agency or business app.
Mistake #2: Poor Budget Management Blowing through a budget is another common dev mistake that I see on a regular basis. There are a few main reasons why this happens:
Inaccurate budget estimate from the start. Failure to plan for all components of the project. Unexpected costs. Itís important that you have a rough idea of how much your app will cost from the beginning. You can use tools like a mobile app cost calculator to help get an accurate estimate.
But the initial development isnít the only thing you need to plan for. Other phases need to be taken into consideration when youíre creating a budget.
Your budget should also allocate funds for unexpected costs that could arise along the way.
If you decide that you want to add new features or make changes to your initial plan, your project wonít go over-budget if that was built into the estimate.
Itís important that you set realistic budget expectations from the beginning. Lots of developers have a number in mind that they think will be sufficient to build an app, based on something they read or a conversation they had with a friend. But so many factors must be taken into consideration here.
If you keep up with the latest mobile app development trends, youíll learn that technology is constantly evolving. Features like AI, AR, and other integrations will impact your budget.
For those of you interested in becoming a mobile app reseller, you need to have an accurate budget to estimate your profit margins correctly.
Mistake #3: Not Creating an MVP Diving right into the final build is another common mistake made by app developers.
An MVP (minimum viable product) will help you test the app and evaluate its performance. During the MVP stages of development, the app will only be comprised of essential features.
Hereís an analogy. Letís say you were building a car.
The final product will have a radio, a GPS system, leather seats, automatic windows, and a new paint job. But an MVP of that car just needs to have four wheels, a frame, steering wheel, and an engine. As long as the car does what itís supposed to, itís an acceptable minimum viable product.
An MVP is not an experiment for your app. This is another common app mistake.
Back to the car analogy. You wouldnít build a motorcycle or a helicopter as your MVP if the final product is supposed to be a four-door sedan.
Instead, youíd want to focus on the core components of the app. Such as building individual employee log-in capabilities and the ability to send push notifications for announcements. As development continues, you can add features like access to payroll information and benefits.
Mistake #4: Poor UI/UX Build Sometimes we get so lost in development that we forget about how the app will actually be used. Neglecting the user interface of an app is a mistake that needs to be avoided at all costs.
A poor UI/UX design is one of the top reasons why people uninstall apps.
why uninstall apps
People have certain expectations when they open an app. Follow the lead of the most successful and popular apps on the market today as an example.
All of these apps have simple navigation, a search function, and the home menu that can be easily accessed from any screen.
Sometimes developers make the mistake of trying to get too creative with the UI, which ultimately hinders the user experience.
Hereís an analogy. When you visit a website, youíre expecting the main menu to be at the top of the screen, right? Thatís how youíll navigate to different pages and find your way around the site.
Now, what if you went to a website, and the main menu was in a grid at the bottom right side of your screen?
Technically, thatís not incorrect. People can design a website however they want to. But the users will be frustrated with this design since itís not what theyíve grown accustomed to.
The same concept can be applied to your mobile app. Donít try to reinvent the wheel and win the most innovative homepage design in the history of app development.
Stick to what works. If the user is forced to make three or four clicks just to return to a home screen or navigate to another screen in the app, they will not enjoy the app experience.
Prioritize UI, or else youíll have lots of unhappy app users.
Mistake #5: Failing to Test Properly I briefly mentioned testing earlier when we discussed MVPs. But to have a successful mobile app, you need to take your testing to the next level.
Testing is an ongoing process and needs to be performed throughout the entire development process. Not only will it improve the user experience, but itís the only way to work out any bugs or problems with the app.
Hereís an overview of the most common challenges in mobile app testing over time.
As you can see from the graph, the vast majority of developers test their apps. Thatís no longer a problem.
But several challenges still remain, which hinders the testing process.
To combat some of the most common testing mistakes and barriers, follow these tips and best practices:
Define your testing process and procedure. (How often will you test? Who will test? Etc.) Have a dedicated in-house testing environment. Use both in-house and outsourced mobile app testing experts. Get the right tools and equipment to facilitate your tests. Schedule time for testing. Using in-house and outsourced experts to test your app is crucial. A developer or team of developers working on an app every day will have a bias. They know how the app works and what itís supposed to do. An in-house tester may not think the UI needs improvement if they were involved with the design process.
But a third-party expert who is impartial and has never seen the app before will be able to provide much better feedback.
Mistake #6: Building For Too Many Platforms Depending on the purpose of your app, you might be tempted to make it available for as many users as possible. While this obviously has its upsides for mobile app marketing, it can create challenges from a development standpoint.
If youíre going to build a traditional native mobile app, creating an iOS and Android app will likely double your budget.
Both projects will be treated as two separate development ventures. So if youíve never built an app before, taking on two builds at the same time is a daunting task.
Rather than accelerating your initial development costs and starting something thatís too much for you to handle, stick to just one platform if youíre building a native app.
Alternatively, you can build for iOS and Android simultaneously using an app builder. These platforms reduce your development costs and timeline while giving you the ability to create an app without writing a single line of code.
If you want to learn how to code or work with a partner that will code a native app from scratch, thatís fine. Iíd just focus on one platform if you go that route. Otherwise, using an app builder will be the best way to avoid these problems altogether.
Mistake #7: Poor Communication During Development The majority of mobile app failures can be traced back to poor communication during the development process.
While most people agree that effective communication during a project is extremely important, just a small percentage of people believe that their business is achieving that.
This statement holds true for any project, but the stakes are magnified when it comes to something as important as mobile app development.
The only way to avoid this mistake is by prioritizing communication from the beginning.
Iíve supervised dozens of app development projects over the years. If Iíve learned one thing, itís that there is no such thing as over-communicating. Keeping your partners, colleagues, development team, or whoever else updated with your progress or ideas canít hurt you.
Maybe you repeat something that was already said. So what? Itís better than assuming everyone is on the same page when they really arenít.
If youíre hiring a developer to build an app for you, that person isnít a mind-reader. You need to be clear throughout every stage of what your expectations are.
For those of you who plan to white label and resell apps, your communication skills could make or break the success of your mobile app reseller business. Unhappy clients are expensive and can even give you some sleepless nights. Itís worth the extra five minutes every so often to get organized.
Depending on the size of the app development project, you can have daily, weekly, or bi-weekly meetings with everyone involved. A quick status update from each member of the team is usually enough to get the job done.
Mistake #8: Going Overboard With Features and Functions Apps today are seemingly limitless. They can do just about anything that you can imagine.
With that said, it doesnít mean that your app needs to include every app feature and function available just because itís possible. Stick to the core features of what your app really needs to function properly.
Adding too many features will set you up for loads of problems down the road. From an initial development standpoint, itís going to increase your budget with each new feature you add.
Jamming your app full of features can even hinder its performance. Apps with too many features are more susceptible to bugs, errors, and crashes.
Furthermore, adding features will impact the size of your app. Research shows that one in four people will delete an app for a lack of phone storage.
why people delete apps
This also makes it a challenge to update your app, which weíll talk about in greater detail shortly.
Since app development and technology is so cool, itís tempting to add new features. But you need to think twice and ask yourself if new features are actually necessary. If it doesnít add value to the app, then leave it out.
Letís say youíre building an ecommerce app. Can you add a calculator, flashlight, calendar integration, and social media log-in? Sure. But why would you?
An ecommerce app is complex enough without all of the unnecessary bells and whistles. So just focus on features needed to facilitate mobile commerce transactions.
Mistake #9: Partnering With the Wrong Development Team Iíve seen good app ideas fail because the wrong person developed it. This is an expensive mistake that needs to be avoided at all costs.
Ironically, one of the reasons why people pick the wrong development team is because they are price-sensitive. They try to save money by outsourcing development to a freelancer overseas at a fraction of the rate for an agency in the US.
Then that freelancer stops responding, falls behind schedule, or delivers an app that doesnít meet your expectations.
Youíll want to find a development team that will give you as little or as much control during the process as you choose. Do you want to develop the app on your own? Do you want the developers to build it for you? Do you want to do most of the work with a little bit of help and guidance along the way? Finding a developer that can meet all of those needs will be your best option.
If you want to become an app reseller, choosing the right development platform is the most important step in the process.
That development platform is your entire product. If that team doesnít provide you with the support, resources, and materials required to service your clients, youíll be in a world of trouble.
Mistake #10: Not Preparing For Updates Itís a common misconception that app development ends when the app launches. Thatís far from the case. In reality, development never stops. No app is perfect, and youíll need to make improvements on a regular basis.
About 30% of apps are updated at least once a month. More than 80% of apps are updated every six months.
You must plan for these updates from the beginning. Updates will impact your budget, as well as your decision to choose one developer over another.
Updates are required to improve the user experience, eliminate bugs, and remain compatible with the latest operating software on various devices.
If youíve spent every last penny in your budget for the initial app launch, you wonít be able to make any updates without coming out of pocket.
Choose an app builder that provides full-service and maintenance even after you finish building the app.
As a reseller, you need to keep these app updates in mind for your clients as well. Your white-label service provider must make this easy for you. At the end of the day, updates can benefit your bottom line. You can continue to generate income long-term even after the app has launched by providing updates and additional support services to your clients.
But thatís only possible if youíre on the right reseller program with a development platform that can provide those needs.
Mistake #11: Mirroring Your Mobile Website Lots of business owners understand the importance of having a mobile presence. So thereís a good chance that you already have a mobile-friendly website.
After learning that mobile apps convert higher than the mobile web, you might be interested in building an app for your business. Donít make this app a clone of your website.
Thereís a reason why apps perform better than mobile sites. Apps offer features and functions that a mobile website cannot. Mirroring your app after the mobile site would be a waste of your resources and opportunity.
Plus, users have different expectations for an app compared to a website. The purpose of the app is to make the customer journey easier and provide enhanced value to the users.
If the app isnít different than the mobile site, why should they bother downloading the app?
Your app can have some similarities as your website, such as the color scheme, theme, and brand image. But beyond that, the app needs to create a completely different user experience.
Conclusion Like any big project, developing an app can be frustrating at times. Mobile app development mistakes happen to everyone, including myself.
But if you understand the most common developer mistakes, you can avoid them altogether.
Whether youíre building an app on your own, looking to hire a developer, or interested in becoming a mobile app reseller, avoiding the mobile / android app development mistakes in this guide will save you time, money, resources, and headaches in the long run.
Will you still make mistakes along the way? Probably. But it wonít be anything that is insurmountable.